Definitions for analogyəˈnæl ə dʒi
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word analogy
Random House Webster's College Dictionary
a•nal•o•gyəˈnæl ə dʒi(n.)(pl.)-gies.
a similarity between like features of two things, on which a comparison may be based:
the analogy between the heart and a pump.
similarity or comparability:
I see no analogy between our situations.
a similarity of forms having a separate evolutionary origin
Category: Biology, Taxonomy
Ref: (opposed to homology ).
a linguistic process by which words or phrases are created or re-formed according to existing patterns in the language, as when dialectal shoon was re-formed as
a form of reasoning in which one thing is inferred to be similar to another thing in a certain respect, on the basis of known similarities in other respects.
Origin of analogy:
1530–40; < L analogia < Gk
an inference that if things agree in some respects they probably agree in others
drawing a comparison in order to show a similarity in some respect
"the operation of a computer presents and interesting analogy to the working of the brain"; "the models show by analogy how matter is built up"
doctrine of analogy, analogy(noun)
the religious belief that between creature and creator no similarity can be found so great but that the dissimilarity is always greater; any analogy between God and humans will always be inadequate
A relationship of resemblance or equivalence between two situations, people, or objects, especially when used as a basis for explanation or extrapolation.
Origin: From analogia, from ἀναλογία, from ἀνά + λόγος
a resemblance of relations; an agreement or likeness between things in some circumstances or effects, when the things are otherwise entirely different. Thus, learning enlightens the mind, because it is to the mind what light is to the eye, enabling it to discover things before hidden
a relation or correspondence in function, between organs or parts which are decidedly different
proportion; equality of ratios
conformity of words to the genius, structure, or general rules of a language; similarity of origin, inflection, or principle of pronunciation, and the like, as opposed to anomaly
Analogy is a cognitive process of transferring information or meaning from a particular subject to another particular subject, and a linguistic expression corresponding to such a process. In a narrower sense, analogy is an inference or an argument from one particular to another particular, as opposed to deduction, induction, and abduction, where at least one of the premises or the conclusion is general. The word analogy can also refer to the relation between the source and the target themselves, which is often, though not necessarily, a similarity, as in the biological notion of analogy. Analogy plays a significant role in problem solving such as, decision making, perception, memory, creativity, emotion, explanation and communication. It lies behind basic tasks such as the identification of places, objects and people, for example, in face perception and facial recognition systems. It has been argued that analogy is "the core of cognition". Specific analogical language comprises exemplification, comparisons, metaphors, similes, allegories, and parables, but not metonymy. Phrases like and so on, and the like, as if, and the very word like also rely on an analogical understanding by the receiver of a message including them. Analogy is important not only in ordinary language and common sense but also in science, philosophy and the humanities. The concepts of association, comparison, correspondence, mathematical and morphological homology, homomorphism, iconicity, isomorphism, metaphor, resemblance, and similarity are closely related to analogy. In cognitive linguistics, the notion of conceptual metaphor may be equivalent to that of analogy.
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