Definitions for alanine racemase
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In enzymology, an alanine racemase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction Hence, this enzyme has one substrate, L-alanine, and one product, D-alanine. This enzyme belongs to the family of isomerases, specifically those racemases and epimerases acting on amino acids and derivatives. The systematic name of this enzyme class is alanine racemase. This enzyme is also called L-alanine racemase. This enzyme participates in alanine and aspartate metabolism and D-alanine metabolism. It employs one cofactor, pyridoxal phosphate. At least two compounds, 3-Fluoro-D-alanine and D-Cycloserine are known to inhibit this enzyme.
U.S. National Library of Medicine
A pyridoxal-phosphate protein that reversibly catalyzes the conversion of L-alanine to D-alanine. EC 18.104.22.168.
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"alanine racemase." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2014. Web. 25 Oct. 2014. <http://www.definitions.net/definition/alanine racemase>.