Definitions for acanthocyte
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word acanthocyte
an abnormal red blood cell that has thorny projections of protoplasm
An irregular or spiny cell
Acanthocyte, in human biology and medicine, refers to a form of red blood cell that has a spiked cell membrane, due to abnormal thorny projections. A similar term is spur cells. Acanthocytes have coarse, irregularly-spaced, variably sized crenations, resembling many-pointed stars. They are seen on blood films in, among others abetalipoproteinemia, liver disease, chorea acanthocytosis, McLeod syndrome and several inherited neurological disorders, such as neuroacanthocytosis, anorexia nervosa, infantile pyknocytosis, hypothyroidism, ideopathic neonatal hepatitis, alcoholism, congestive splenomegaly, Zieve syndrome, and chronic granulomatous disease.
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