Definitions for Temperamentˈtɛm pər ə mənt, -prə mənt, -pər mənt
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word Temperament
Random House Webster's College Dictionary
tem•per•a•mentˈtɛm pər ə mənt, -prə mənt, -pər mənt(n.)
the combination of mental and emotional traits of a person; natural predisposition.
unusual personal nature as manifested by peculiarities of feeling, temper, action, etc., often with a disinclination to submit to conventional rules or restraints:
a display of temperament.
(old physiology) the combination of the four cardinal humors, the relative proportions of which were supposed to determine physical and mental constitution.
the tuning of a keyboard instrument, as the piano, organ, or harpsichord, so that the instrument may be played in all keys without further tuning.
Category: Music and Dance
Origin of temperament:
1375–1425; late ME < L temperāmentum mixture in appropriate proportions; see temper
your usual mood
"he has a happy disposition"
excessive emotionalism or irritability and excitability (especially when displayed openly)
an adjustment of the intervals (as in tuning a keyboard instrument) so that the scale can be used to play in different keys
A moderate and proportionable mixture of elements or ingredients in a compound; the condition in which elements are mixed in their proper proportions.
Any state or condition as determined by the proportion of its ingredients or the manner in which they are mixed; consistence, composition; mixture.
a person's normal manner of thinking, behaving or reacting
a tendency to become irritable or angry
the altering of certain intervals from their correct values in order to improve the moving from key to key
internal constitution; state with respect to the relative proportion of different qualities, or constituent parts
due mixture of qualities; a condition brought about by mutual compromises or concessions
the act of tempering or modifying; adjustment, as of clashing rules, interests, passions, or the like; also, the means by which such adjustment is effected
condition with regard to heat or cold; temperature
a system of compromises in the tuning of organs, pianofortes, and the like, whereby the tones generated with the vibrations of a ground tone are mutually modified and in part canceled, until their number reduced to the actual practicable scale of twelve tones to the octave. This scale, although in so far artificial, is yet closely suggestive of its origin in nature, and this system of tuning, although not mathematically true, yet satisfies the ear, while it has the convenience that the same twelve fixed tones answer for every key or scale, C/ becoming identical with D/, and so on
the peculiar physical and mental character of an individual, in olden times erroneously supposed to be due to individual variation in the relations and proportions of the constituent parts of the body, especially of the fluids, as the bile, blood, lymph, etc. Hence the phrases, bilious or choleric temperament, sanguine temperament, etc., implying a predominance of one of these fluids and a corresponding influence on the temperament
In psychology, temperament refers to those aspects of an individual's personality, such as introversion or extroversion, that are often regarded as innate rather than learned. A great many classificatory schemes for temperament have been developed; none, though, has achieved general consensus in academia. Historically, the concept of temperament was part of the theory of the four humours, with their corresponding four temperaments. The concept played an important part in pre-modern psychology, and was explored by philosophers such as Immanuel Kant and Hermann Lotze. David W. Keirsey also drew upon the early models of temperament when developing the Keirsey Temperament Sorter. More recently, scientists seeking evidence of a biological basis of personality have further examined the relationship between temperament and character. However, biological correlations have proven hard to confirm.
U.S. National Library of Medicine
Predisposition to react to one's environment in a certain way; usually refers to mood changes.
Translations for Temperament
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary
a person's natural way of thinking, behaving etc
She has a sweet/nervous temperament.
- مِزاج، طَبْعArabic
- temperamentoPortuguese (BR)
- das TemperamentGerman
- temperament; naturDanish
- ψυχοσύνθεση, ιδιοσυγκρασία, ταμπεραμέντοGreek
- lunderni, skapgerðIcelandic
- 기질, 성질Korean
- temperamentas, būdasLithuanian
- temperament, lynneNorwegian
- مزاج، طبيعت: خټهPashto
- нрав; темпераментRussian
- huy, yaradılışTurkish
- 氣質，性情，性格Chinese (Trad.)
- مزاج، سرشتUrdu
- khí chất, tính khíVietnamese
- 气质，性格，性情Chinese (Simp.)
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