Definitions for Suicide attack

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  1. Suicide attack

    A suicide attack is an attack upon a target, in which an attacker intends to kill others and/or cause great damage, knowing that he or she will either certainly or most likely die in the process. Between 1981 and 2006, 1200 suicide attacks occurred around the world, constituting 4% of all terrorist attacks but 32% of all terrorism related deaths. 90% of these attacks occurred in Iraq, Israel, Afghanistan, Pakistan or Sri Lanka. Modern suicide terrorism is the targeted use of self-destructing human beings against non-combatants—typically civilian—populations to effect political change. Although a suicide attack aims to destroy an initial target, its primary use is a weapon of psychological warfare intended to affect a larger public audience. The primary target is not those that are killed but those made to witness it. Although use of suicide attacks has occurred throughout recent history—particularly with the Japanese Kamikaze pilots of World War II—its main notoriety as a specific kind of attack began in the 1980s and involved explosives deliberately carried to the target either on the person or in a civilian vehicle and delivered by surprise. Following the success of a 1983 truck bombing of two barracks buildings in Beirut that killed 300 and helped drive American and French Multinational Force troops from Lebanon, the tactic spread to insurgent groups like the Tamil Tigers of Sri Lanka, and Islamist groups such as Hamas.

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"Suicide attack." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2014. Web. 25 Oct. 2014. <http://www.definitions.net/definition/Suicide attack>.

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