Definitions for Sentenceˈsɛn tns
Random House Webster's College Dictionary
sen•tenceˈsɛn tns(n.; v.)-tenced, -tenc•ing.
(n.)a structurally independent grammatical unit of one or more words, in speech often preceded and followed by pauses and in writing begun with a capital letter and ended with a period or other end punctuation, typically consisting of a subject and a predicate containing a finite verb and expressing a statement, question, request, command, or exclamation, as Summer is here. or Who is it? or
a judicial decision or decree, esp. one decreeing the punishment to be inflicted on a convicted criminal.
Obs. an opinion given on a particular question.
(v.t.)to pronounce sentence upon; condemn to punishment.
Origin of sentence:
1175–1225; < OF < L sententia opinion, decision =sent- (base of sentīre to feel) +-entia -ence
a string of words satisfying the grammatical rules of a language
"he always spoke in grammatical sentences"
conviction, judgment of conviction, condemnation, sentence(noun)
(criminal law) a final judgment of guilty in a criminal case and the punishment that is imposed
"the conviction came as no surprise"
prison term, sentence, time(verb)
the period of time a prisoner is imprisoned
"he served a prison term of 15 months"; "his sentence was 5 to 10 years"; "he is doing time in the county jail"
sentence, condemn, doom(verb)
pronounce a sentence on (somebody) in a court of law
"He was condemned to ten years in prison"
Kernerman English Learner's Dictionary
a series of words, including a verb and conveying a whole idea
Write three sentences about your favorite animal.
a punishment given to sb in a court of law for having committed a criminal offense
a 10-year prison sentence; He received a life sentence for the murder.
to say what sb's punishment is for having committed a crime
She was sentenced to life imprisonment.
One's opinion; manner of thinking.
Someone's pronounced opinion or judgment on a given question.
The decision or judgement of a jury or court; a verdict.
The court returned a sentence of guilt in the first charge, but innocence in the second.
The judicial order for a punishment to be imposed on a person convicted of a crime.
The judge declared a sentence of death by hanging for the infamous cattle rustler.
A saying, especially form a great person; a maxim, an apophthegm.
A grammatically complete series of words consisting of a subject and predicate, even if one or the other is implied, and typically beginning with a capital letter and ending with a full stop.
The children were made to construct sentences consisting of nouns and verbs from the list on the chalkboard.
A formula with no free variables.
Any of the set of strings that can be generated by a given formal grammar.
To declare a sentence on a convicted person.
The judge sentenced the embezzler to ten years in prison, along with a hefty fine.
Origin: From sentence, from sententia, from sentiens, present participle of sentire; see sentient, sense, scent.
sense; meaning; significance
an opinion; a decision; a determination; a judgment, especially one of an unfavorable nature
a philosophical or theological opinion; a dogma; as, Summary of the Sentences; Book of the Sentences
in civil and admiralty law, the judgment of a court pronounced in a cause; in criminal and ecclesiastical courts, a judgment passed on a criminal by a court or judge; condemnation pronounced by a judgical tribunal; doom. In common law, the term is exclusively used to denote the judgment in criminal cases
a short saying, usually containing moral instruction; a maxim; an axiom; a saw
a combination of words which is complete as expressing a thought, and in writing is marked at the close by a period, or full point. See Proposition, 4
to pass or pronounce judgment upon; to doom; to condemn to punishment; to prescribe the punishment of
to decree or announce as a sentence
to utter sententiously
A sentence is a grammatical unit consisting of one or more words that are grammatically linked. A sentence can include words grouped meaningfully to express a statement, question, exclamation, request, command or suggestion. A sentence can also be defined in orthographic terms alone, i.e., as anything which is contained between a capital letter and a full stop. For instance, the opening of Charles Dickens' novel Bleak House begins with the following three sentences: The first sentence involves one word, a proper noun. The second sentence has only a non-finite verb. The third is a single nominal group. Only an orthographic definition encompasses this variation. As with all language expressions, sentences might contain function and content words and contain properties distinct to natural language, such as characteristic intonation and timing patterns. Sentences are generally characterized in most languages by the presence of a finite verb, e.g. "The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog".
Translations for Sentence
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary
a number of words forming a complete statement
- frasePortuguese (BR)
- der SatzGerman
- πρόταση (γραμμ.)Greek
- setning, málsgreinIcelandic
- پرېكړه، حكم (لكه دمحكمې): جزا: جملهPashto
- 句子Chinese (Trad.)
- 句子Chinese (Simp.)
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