Definitions for SUGARˈʃʊg ər
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word SUGAR
Random House Webster's College Dictionary
a sweet, crystalline substance, C12H22O11, obtained from the juice or sap of many plants, esp. commercially from sugarcane and the sugar beet; sucrose.
Category: Chemistry, Biochemistry
any other plant or animal substance of the same class of carbohydrates, as fructose or glucose.
Category: Chemistry, Biochemistry
(sometimes cap.) an affectionate or familiar term of address (sometimes offensive when used to strangers, subordinates, etc.).
(v.t.)to cover, sprinkle, mix, or sweeten with sugar.
to make agreeable.
(v.i.)to form sugar or sugar crystals.
to make maple sugar.
sugar off,(in making maple sugar) to complete the boiling down of the syrup in preparation for granulation.
Category: Verb Phrase
* Usage: Definition 3 is an affectionate term of address used to a child, sweetheart, etc. However, when used in the workplace or in social interactions with strangers, it is sometimes perceived as insulting.
Origin of sugar:
1250–1300; ME sugre, sucre (n.) < MF sucre < ML succārum < It zucchero < Ar sukkar, akin to Pers shakar, Gk sákcharon (see sacchar -)
sugar, refined sugar(noun)
a white crystalline carbohydrate used as a sweetener and preservative
carbohydrate, saccharide, sugar(noun)
an essential structural component of living cells and source of energy for animals; includes simple sugars with small molecules as well as macromolecular substances; are classified according to the number of monosaccharide groups they contain
boodle, bread, cabbage, clams, dinero, dough, gelt, kale, lettuce, lolly, lucre, loot, moolah, pelf, scratch, shekels, simoleons, sugar, wampum(verb)
informal terms for money
sweeten with sugar
"sugar your tea"
Kernerman English Learner's Dictionary
a sweet-tasting substance used in food and drink
Do you take sugar in your coffee?; Add one cup of sugar.
Sucrose in the form of small crystals, obtained from sugar cane or sugar beet and used to sweeten food and drink.
When used to sweeten drink, an amount of such crystalline sucrose approximately equal to five grams or one teaspoon.
He usually has his coffee white with one sugar.
Any of various small carbohydrates that are used by organisms to store energy.
A generic term for sucrose, glucose, fructose, etc.
A term of endearment.
I'll be with you in a moment, sugar.
Effeminacy in a male, often implying homosexuality.
I think John has a little bit of sugar in him.
To add sugar to; to sweeten with sugar.
John heavily sugars his coffee.
To make (something unpleasant) seem less so.
She has a gift for sugaring what would otherwise be harsh words.
Used in place of shit!
a sweet white (or brownish yellow) crystalline substance, of a sandy or granular consistency, obtained by crystallizing the evaporated juice of certain plants, as the sugar cane, sorghum, beet root, sugar maple, etc. It is used for seasoning and preserving many kinds of food and drink. Ordinary sugar is essentially sucrose. See the Note below
by extension, anything resembling sugar in taste or appearance; as, sugar of lead (lead acetate), a poisonous white crystalline substance having a sweet taste
compliment or flattery used to disguise or render acceptable something obnoxious; honeyed or soothing words
in making maple sugar, to complete the process of boiling down the sirup till it is thick enough to crystallize; to approach or reach the state of granulation; -- with the preposition off
to impregnate, season, cover, or sprinkle with sugar; to mix sugar with
to cover with soft words; to disguise by flattery; to compliment; to sweeten; as, to sugar reproof
Sugar is the generalised name for a class of chemically-related sweet-flavored substances, most of which are used as food. They are carbohydrates, composed of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen. There are various types of sugar derived from different sources. Simple sugars are called monosaccharides and include glucose, fructose and galactose. The table or granulated sugar most customarily used as food is sucrose, a disaccharide. Other disaccharides include maltose and lactose. Chemically-different substances may also have a sweet taste, but are not classified as sugars. Some are used as lower-calorie food substitutes for sugar described as artificial sweeteners. Sugars are found in the tissues of most plants but are only present in sufficient concentrations for efficient extraction in sugarcane and sugar beet. Sugarcane is a giant grass and has been cultivated in tropical climates in the Far East since ancient times. A great expansion in its production took place in the 18th century with the setting up of sugar plantations in the West Indies and Americas. This was the first time that sugar became available to the common people who had previously had to rely on honey to sweeten foods. Sugar beet is a root crop and is cultivated in cooler climates and became a major source of sugar in the 19th century when methods for extracting the sugar became available. Sugar production and trade has changed the course of human history in many ways. It influenced the formation of colonies, the perpetuation of slavery, the transition to indentured labour, the migration of peoples, wars between sugar trade-controlling nations in the 19th century, and the ethnic composition and political structure of the new world.
Translations for SUGAR
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary
the sweet substance that is obtained from sugar-cane, or from the juice of certain other plants, and used in cooking and for sweetening tea, coffee etc
Do you take sugar in your coffee?
- açúcarPortuguese (BR)
- der ZuckerGerman
- चीनी, शक्कर, शकरा, शर्कराHindi
- šećer, sladorCroatian
- 糖Chinese (Trad.)
- 糖Chinese (Simp.)
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