Definitions for Reliefrɪˈlif
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word Relief
Random House Webster's College Dictionary
alleviation of or deliverance from pain, distress, anxiety, oppression, etc.
a feeling of comfort or ease caused by such alleviation or deliverance.
money, food, or other help given to those in poverty or need.
something affording a pleasing change, as from monotony.
release from a post of duty, as by the arrival of a replacement.
the person or persons acting as replacement.
the rescue of a besieged town, fort, etc., from an attacking force.
the freeing of a closed space, as a tank or boiler, from more than a desirable amount of pressure or vacuum.
a sum of money paid by the heir of a feudal tenant to the lord for the privilege of succeeding to the estate.
Idioms for relief:
on relief,receiving financial assistance from a government agency.
Category: Government, Idiom
Origin of relief:
1300–50; ME relef < OF relief, der. of relever to raise; see relieve
prominence, distinctness, or vividness due to contrast.
the projection of a figure or part from the ground or plane on which it is formed, as in sculpture or similar work.
Category: Fine Arts
a piece or work in such projection.
Category: Fine Arts
an apparent projection of parts in a painting, drawing, etc., giving the appearance of the third dimension.
the differences in elevation and slope between the higher and lower parts of the land surface of a given area.
Category: Geography (terms)
a printing process, as letterpress, in which ink is transferred to paper from raised printing surfaces.
Origin of relief:
1600–10; < F relief and It rilievo; see relief1
relief, alleviation, assuagement(noun)
the feeling that comes when something burdensome is removed or reduced
"as he heard the news he was suddenly flooded with relief"
the condition of being comfortable or relieved (especially after being relieved of distress)
"he enjoyed his relief from responsibility"; "getting it off his conscience gave him some ease"
(law) redress awarded by a court
"was the relief supposed to be protection from future harm or compensation for past injury?"
stand-in, substitute, relief, reliever, backup, backup man, fill-in(noun)
someone who takes the place of another (as when things get dangerous or difficult)
"the star had a stand-in for dangerous scenes"; "we need extra employees for summer fill-ins"
relief, succor, succour, ministration(noun)
assistance in time of difficulty
"the contributions provided some relief for the victims"
respite, rest, relief, rest period(noun)
a pause for relaxation
"people actually accomplish more when they take time for short rests"
easing, moderation, relief(noun)
a change for the better
aid for the aged or indigent or handicapped
"he has been on relief for many years"
easing, easement, alleviation, relief(noun)
the act of reducing something unpleasant (as pain or annoyance)
"he asked the nurse for relief from the constant pain"
relief, relievo, rilievo, embossment, sculptural relief(noun)
sculpture consisting of shapes carved on a surface so as to stand out from the surrounding background
the act of freeing a city or town that has been besieged
"he asked for troops for the relief of Atlanta"
Kernerman English Learner's Dictionary
a feeling of happiness when sth unpleasant is past or avoided
It was a relief to discover that nothing had been stolen.; Relief showed on her face.
a decrease in sth unpleasant
pain/stress relief; Rain showers brought some relief from the heat.
aid or assistance for people who need help
Relief is being sent to the flooded areas.; relief workers
permission not to pay all of sth
the removal of stress or discomfort.
I sighed with relief when I found out that my daughter hadn't got lost, but was waiting for me at home.
the feeling associated with the removal of stress or discomfort
the person who takes over a shift for another
Officer Schmidt can finally go home because his relief has arrived.
aid or assistance offered in time of need
court-ordered compensation, aid, or protection, a redress
a type of artwork in which shapes or figures protrude from a flat background
the difference made noticeable by a variation in light or color
the difference of elevations on a surface
The relief on that part of the earth's surface
the act of relieving, or the state of being relieved; the removal, or partial removal, of any evil, or of anything oppressive or burdensome, by which some ease is obtained; succor; alleviation; comfort; ease; redress
release from a post, or from the performance of duty, by the intervention of others, by discharge, or by relay; as, a relief of a sentry
that which removes or lessens evil, pain, discomfort, uneasiness, etc.; that which gives succor, aid, or comfort; also, the person who relieves from performance of duty by taking the place of another; a relay
a fine or composition which the heir of a deceased tenant paid to the lord for the privilege of taking up the estate, which, on strict feudal principles, had lapsed or fallen to the lord on the death of the tenant
the projection of a figure above the ground or plane on which it is formed
the appearance of projection given by shading, shadow, etc., to any figure
the height to which works are raised above the bottom of the ditch
the elevations and surface undulations of a country
Relief, or relievo rilievo, is a sculptural technique. The term relief is from the Latin verb levo, to raise. To create a sculpture in relief is to give the impression that the sculpted material has been raised above the background plane. What is actually performed when a relief is cut in from a flat surface of stone or wood is a lowering of the field, leaving the unsculpted parts seemingly raised. The technique involves considerable chiselling away of the background, which is a time-consuming exercise with little artistic effect if the lowered background is left plain, as is often the case. On the other hand, a relief saves forming the rear of a subject, and is less fragile and more securely fixed than a sculpture in the round, especially one of a standing figure where the ankles are a potential weak point, especially in stone. In other materials such as metal, clay, plaster stucco, ceramics or papier-mache the form can be just added to or raised up from the background, and monumental bronze reliefs are made by casting. There are different degrees of relief depending on the degree of projection of the sculpted form from the field, for which the Italian appellations are still sometimes used. The full range includes high relief, where more than 50% of the depth is shown and there may be undercut areas, mid-relief, low-relief, and shallow-relief or rilievo schiacciato, where the plane is scarcely more than scratched in order to remove background material. There is also sunk relief, which was mainly restricted to Ancient Egypt. However the distinction between high relief and low relief is the clearest and most important, and these two are generally the only terms used to discuss most work. The definition of these terms is somewhat variable, and many works combine areas in more than one of them, sometimes sliding between them in a single figure; accordingly some writers prefer to avoid all distinctions. The opposite of relief sculpture is counter-relief, intaglio, or cavo-rilievo, where the form is cut into the field or background rather than rising from it; this is very rare in monumental sculpture.
The Nuttall Encyclopedia
prominence of a sculpture from a plain surface; works in relief are of three kinds: alto-relievo, high relief; mezzo-relievo, medium relief; basso-relievo, low relief.
Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms
Inequalities of evaluation and the configuration of land features on the surface of the Earth which may be represented on maps or charts by contours, hypsometric tints, shading, or spot elevations.
Translations for Relief
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary
a lessening or stopping of pain, worry, boredom etc
When one has a headache, an aspirin brings relief; He gave a sigh of relief; It was a great relief to find nothing had been stolen.
- إسْعاف، راحَهArabic
- alívioPortuguese (BR)
- die ErleichterungGerman
- ublaženje, olakšicaCroatian
- léttir, linunIcelandic
- (고통, 고민 등의) 완화, 경감Korean
- verlichting, opluchtingDutch
- lindring; lettelse; befrielseNorwegian
- مرسته، ملاتړ، هوسايى دمه: خلاصى: بدلون: هوسا كوونكى، كراروونكى: راوتلى تصوير يامځمكى دمخ راو تلى برخىPashto
- uşurare; calmareRomanian
- lindring, lättnadSwedish
- ferahlık, rahatlamaTurkish
- (痛苦、擔憂、無聊感)減輕、消除Chinese (Trad.)
- полегшення, заспокоєнняUkrainian
- sự giảm nhẹ; sự khuây khỏaVietnamese
- （痛苦的）减轻Chinese (Simp.)
Get even more translations for Relief »
Find a translation for the Relief definition in other languages:
Select another language: