Definitions for Reconstructionˌri kənˈstrʌk ʃən
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word Reconstruction
Random House Webster's College Dictionary
re•con•struc•tionˌri kənˈstrʌk ʃən(n.)
the act of reconstructing.
(cap.) the process by which the states that had seceded were reorganized as part of the Union after the Civil War. the period during which this took place, 1865–77.
Category: American History
Origin of reconstruction:
Reconstruction, Reconstruction Period(noun)
the period after the American Civil War when the southern states were reorganized and reintegrated into the Union; 1865-1877
the activity of constructing something again
an interpretation formed by piecing together bits of evidence
reconstruction, reconstructive memory(noun)
recall that is hypothesized to work by storing abstract features which are then used to construct the memory during recall
A thing that has been reconstructed or restored to an earlier state.
The act of restoring something to an earlier state.
The reconstruction of the medieval bridge began last year.
An attempt to understand in detail how certain events took place or happened.
The detective's reconstruction of what happened that night is dubious.
A period of the history of the United States from 1865 to 1877, during which the nation tried to resolve the status of the ex-Confederate states, the ex-Confederate leaders, and the Freedmen (ex-slaves) after the American Civil War.
the act of constructing again; the state of being reconstructed
the act or process of reorganizing the governments of the States which had passed ordinances of secession, and of reestablishing their constitutional relations to the national government, after the close of the Civil War
In the history of the United States, the term Reconstruction Era has two senses: the first covers the complete history of the entire country from 1865 to 1877 following the Civil War; the second sense focuses on the transformation of the Southern United States from 1863 to 1877, as directed by Congress, with the reconstruction of state and society. Between 1863 and 1869, Presidents Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson took a moderate position designed to bring the South back to normal as soon as possible, while the Radical Republicans used Congress to block the moderate approach, impose harsh terms, and upgrade the rights of the freedmen. The views of Lincoln and Johnson prevailed until the election of 1866, which enabled the Radicals to take control of policy, remove former Confederates from power, and enfranchise the freedmen. A Republican coalition came to power in nearly all the southern states and set out to transform the society by setting up a free labor economy, using the U.S. Army and the Freedmen's Bureau. The Bureau protected the legal rights of freedmen, negotiated labor contracts, and set up schools and even churches for them. Thousands of Northerners came South, as missionaries, teachers, businessmen and politicians; hostile elements called them "Carpetbaggers". Rebuilding the rundown railroad system was a major strategy, but it collapsed when a nationwide depression struck the economy in 1873. The Radicals, frustrated by Johnson's opposition to Congressional Reconstruction, filed impeachment charges but the action failed by one vote in the Senate. President Ulysses S. Grant supported Radical Reconstruction and enforced the protection of African Americans in the South through the use of the Force Acts passed by Congress. Grant suppressed the Ku Klux Klan, but was unable to resolve the escalating tensions inside the Republican party between the Carpetbaggers and the Scalawags. Meanwhile Southern Democrats strongly opposed African-American political power. They alleged widespread corruption by the Carpetbaggers, excessive state spending and ruinous taxes. The opposition violently counterattacked and regained power in each "redeemed" Southern state by 1877. Meanwhile public support for Reconstruction policies faded in the North, as voters decided the Civil War was over and slavery was dead. The Democrats, who strongly opposed Reconstruction, regained control of the House of Representatives in 1874; the presidential electoral vote in 1876 was very close and confused, forcing Congress to make the final decision. The deployment of the U.S. Army was central to the survival of Republican state governments; they collapsed when the Army was removed in 1877 as part of a Congressional bargain to elect Republican Rutherford B. Hayes as president.
British National Corpus
Word rank popularity for 'Reconstruction' among Nouns Frequency: #2704
Translations for Reconstruction
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary
- إعادَة بِناءArabic
- reconstruçãoPortuguese (BR)
- die RekonstruktionGerman
- ανασυγκρότηση, ανάπλαση, αναπαράστασηGreek
- rekonstrukcija, obnovaCroatian
- újjáépítés, rekonstrukcióHungarian
- atkūrimas, rekonstrukcijaLithuanian
- rekonstrukcija; restaurācija; atjaunošanaLatvian
- rekonstruksjon, gjenreisingNorwegian
- بيرته سمونه، بياجوړونه، بياروغونهPashto
- yeniden tasarlamaTurkish
- 重建，再現Chinese (Trad.)
- перебудова, реконструкціяUkrainian
- تعمیر نوUrdu
- sự dựng lạiVietnamese
- 重议，重定，重建Chinese (Simp.)
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"Reconstruction." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2014. Web. 10 Mar. 2014. <http://www.definitions.net/definition/Reconstruction>.