(botany) the usually underground organ that lacks buds or leaves or nodes; absorbs water and mineral salts; usually it anchors the plant to the ground
beginning, origin, root, rootage, source(noun)
the place where something begins, where it springs into being
"the Italian beginning of the Renaissance"; "Jupiter was the origin of the radiation"; "Pittsburgh is the source of the Ohio River"; "communism's Russian root"
root, root word, base, stem, theme, radical(noun)
(linguistics) the form of a word after all affixes are removed
"thematic vowels are part of the stem"
a number that, when multiplied by itself some number of times, equals a given number
the set of values that give a true statement when substituted into an equation
ancestor, ascendant, ascendent, antecedent, root(noun)
someone from whom you are descended (but usually more remote than a grandparent)
a simple form inferred as the common basis from which related words in several languages can be derived by linguistic processes
root, tooth root(verb)
the part of a tooth that is embedded in the jaw and serves as support
take root and begin to grow
"this plant roots quickly"
come into existence, originate
"The problem roots in her depression"
plant by the roots
rout, root, rootle(verb)
dig with the snout
"the pig was rooting for truffles"
settle, root, take root, steady down, settle down(verb)
become settled or established and stable in one's residence or life style
"He finally settled down"
cause to take roots
to turn up the earth with the snout, as swine
hence, to seek for favor or advancement by low arts or groveling servility; to fawn servilely
to turn up or to dig out with the snout; as, the swine roots the earth
the underground portion of a plant, whether a true root or a tuber, a bulb or rootstock, as in the potato, the onion, or the sweet flag
the descending, and commonly branching, axis of a plant, increasing in length by growth at its extremity only, not divided into joints, leafless and without buds, and having for its offices to fix the plant in the earth, to supply it with moisture and soluble matters, and sometimes to serve as a reservoir of nutriment for future growth. A true root, however, may never reach the ground, but may be attached to a wall, etc., as in the ivy, or may hang loosely in the air, as in some epiphytic orchids
an edible or esculent root, especially of such plants as produce a single root, as the beet, carrot, etc.; as, the root crop
that which resembles a root in position or function, esp. as a source of nourishment or support; that from which anything proceeds as if by growth or development; as, the root of a tooth, a nail, a cancer, and the like
an ancestor or progenitor; and hence, an early race; a stem
a primitive form of speech; one of the earliest terms employed in language; a word from which other words are formed; a radix, or radical
the cause or occasion by which anything is brought about; the source
that factor of a quantity which when multiplied into itself will produce that quantity; thus, 3 is a root of 9, because 3 multiplied into itself produces 9; 3 is the cube root of 27
the fundamental tone of any chord; the tone from whose harmonics, or overtones, a chord is composed
the lowest place, position, or part
the time which to reckon in making calculations
to fix the root; to enter the earth, as roots; to take root and begin to grow
to be firmly fixed; to be established
to plant and fix deeply in the earth, or as in the earth; to implant firmly; hence, to make deep or radical; to establish; -- used chiefly in the participle; as, rooted trees or forests; rooted dislike
to tear up by the root; to eradicate; to extirpate; -- with up, out, or away
Origin: [Icel. rt (for vrt); akin to E. wort, and perhaps to root to turn up the earth. See Wort.]
The root word is the primary lexical unit of a word, and of a word family, which carries the most significant aspects of semantic content and cannot be reduced into smaller constituents. Content words in nearly all languages contain, and may consist only of root morphemes. However, sometimes the term "root" is also used to describe the word minus its inflectional endings, but with its lexical endings in place. For example, chatters has the inflectional root or lemma chatter, but the lexical root chat. Inflectional roots are often called stems, and a root in the stricter sense may be thought of as a monomorphemic stem. The traditional definition allows roots to be either free morphemes or bound morphemes. Root morphemes are essential for affixation and compounds. However, in polysynthetic languages with very high levels of inflectional morphology, the term "root" is generally synonymous with "free morpheme". Many such languages have a very restricted number of morphemes that can stand alone as a word: Yup'ik, for instance, has no more than two thousand. The root of a word is a unit of meaning and, as such, it is an abstraction, though it can usually be represented in writing as a word would be. For example, it can be said that the root of the English verb form running is run, or the root of the Spanish superlative adjective amplísimo is ampl-, since those words are clearly derived from the root forms by simple suffixes that do not alter the roots in any way. In particular, English has very little inflection, and hence a tendency to have words that are identical to their roots. But more complicated inflection, as well as other processes, can obscure the root; for example, the root of mice is mouse, and the root of interrupt is, arguably, rupt, which is not a word in English and only appears in derivational forms. The root rupt is written as if it were a word, but it's not.
Chambers 20th Century Dictionary
rōōt, n. the part of a plant which is fixed in the earth, and which draws up sap from the soil: an edible root: anything like a root, a growing plant together with its root: the bottom: a word from which others are derived: the cause, occasion, or basis of anything: the source: the lowest place: the first ancestor, or progenitor: (math.) the factor of a quantity which multiplied by itself produces that quantity: any value of the unknown quantity in an equation which will render both sides of it identical.—v.i. to fix the root: to be firmly established: to tear up: to eradicate: to exterminate.—v.t. to plant in the earth: to implant deeply.—ns. Root′age, the act of striking roots; Root′-beer, a drink made from roots of dandelion, sassafras, &c.; Root′-bōr′er, an insect which bores the roots of plants.—adj. Root′-bound (Milt.), fixed in the earth by, or as by, the root.—ns. Root′-cap, a cap-like layer of cells at the tip of roots; Root′-crop, a crop of esculent roots, esp. of single-rooted plants, as turnips, &c.; Root′-dig′ger, a form of tongs for raising carrots, &c.; Root′-eat′er, any animal feeding habitually on roots.—adj. Root′ed, firmly planted: fixed by the roots: deep-seated, as a rooted dislike.—adv. Root′edly.—ns. Root′edness; Root′er.—adj. Root′-fast, firmly rooted.—ns. Root′-fī′bril, one of the fine divisions of a root; Root′-form, a form assumed by an insect when feeding on roots; Root′-graft′ing, the process of grafting scions on a part of the root of some appropriate stock; Root′-hair, a delicate filament developed from a single cell.—adj. Root′-head′ed, fixed as if rooted by the head.—ns. Root′-house, a rustic-house: a storehouse for potatoes, &c.; Root′-knot, an abnormal knot of a root.—adj. Root′less, destitute of roots.—ns. Root′let, a little root: a radicle; Root′-louse, one of the plant-lice; Root′-par′asite, a plant which grows upon, and derives its nourishment from, the root of another plant; Root′-pres′sure, an upward flow of sap, 'bleeding;' Root′-pulp′er, a mill for grinding roots; Root′-sheath, the sheath of the root of a hair or feather; Root′-stock (bot.), a prostrate rooting stem, either fleshy or woody, which yearly produces young branches or plants: origin.—adj. Root′y, abounding in roots: rank.—Root and branch, completely; Root of bitterness, a dangerous error drawing away to apostasy; Root of the matter, that which is essential.—Strike, or Take, root, to root, to become fixed. [Scand.; Ice. rót; Dan. rod; Goth. waurts, A.S. wyrt.]
rōōt, v.t. to turn up with the snout.—v.i. to turn up the earth with the snout.—n. Root′er.—v.t. Root′le. [A.S. wrótan—wrót, a snout.]
The New Hacker's Dictionary
1. [Unix] The superuser account (with user name ‘root’) that ignores permission bits, user number 0 on a Unix system. The term avatar is also used. 2. The top node of the system directory structure; historically the home directory of the root user, but probably named after the root of an (inverted) tree. 3. By extension, the privileged system-maintenance login on any OS. See root mode, go root, see also wheel.
The root symbol -- In this Symbols.com article you will learn about the meaning of the root symbol and its characteristic.
Song lyrics by root -- Explore a large variety of song lyrics performed by root on the Lyrics.com website.
What does ROOT stand for? -- Explore the various meanings for the ROOT acronym on the Abbreviations.com website.
British National Corpus
Spoken Corpus Frequency
Rank popularity for the word 'ROOT' in Spoken Corpus Frequency: #4756
Written Corpus Frequency
Rank popularity for the word 'ROOT' in Written Corpus Frequency: #2420
Rank popularity for the word 'ROOT' in Nouns Frequency: #1006
Rank popularity for the word 'ROOT' in Verbs Frequency: #1107
The numerical value of ROOT in Chaldean Numerology is: 2
The numerical value of ROOT in Pythagorean Numerology is: 5
Sample Sentences & Example Usage
Lack of money is the root of all evil.
Evil being the root of mystery, pain is the root of knowledge.
So you think that money is the root of all evil. Have you ever asked what is the root of all money
China has not looked at all for the root causes of the incident from the point of view of their own extreme policies.
Money is the root of all evil, and yet it is such a useful root that we cannot get on without it any more than we can without potatoes.
Images & Illustrations of ROOT
Translations for ROOT
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- أصل, جذر, جذور, أصولArabic
- རྩ་བTibetan Standard
- arrelCatalan, Valencian
- kořen, odmocnina, kořínekCzech
- корєньOld Church Slavonic, Church Slavonic, Old Bulgarian
- Quelle, Stamm, Wurzel, Haarwurzel, Wurzeln, Wurzelknoten, Zahnwurzel, QuellenGerman
- raíz, raíces, hurgar, rebuscarSpanish
- ریشه, سرچشمه, پیازPersian
- juurruttaa, kannustaa, nollakohta, juuri, päävalikko, pääkäyttäjä, kantasana, köyriä, kanta, lähde, möyriäFinnish
- racine, emmancher, origine, radical, root, mot souche, fourrerFrench
- woartelWestern Frisian
- fréamh, stocIrish
- freumhScottish Gaelic
- מקור, שורשHebrew
- rasinHaitian Creole
- szurkol, gyökér, szótő, gyök, ok, drukkol, hajgyökérHungarian
- rætur, rótIcelandic
- radice, trombare, fottere, scopare, trombataItalian
- 元, 歯根, 根, 根源, 起源Japanese
- түбір, тамырKazakh
- 뿌리, 근원Korean
- qurm, rîş, kok, reh, ڕهگKurdish
- radix, radicisLatin
- sakne, saknesLatvian
- aka, kūtoro, akaakaMāori
- akar, اکرMalay
- rommelen, aanvuren, stam, wortel, machtswortel, poepen, administrator, neuken, wippen, wroeten, supporteren, beheerder, graven, juichen, nulpunt, neukpartijDutch
- rotNorwegian Nynorsk
- akétłʼóólNavajo, Navaho
- raiç, rasicOccitan
- pierwiastek, cebulka, rdzeń, korzeń, miejsce zerowe, źródłoPolish
- radical, raiz, rootPortuguese
- ragisch, risch, rieischRomansh
- rădăcină dentară (dentală), rădăcină, rădăcină de păr, rădăcină de dinteRomanian
- корень, корни, рут, кореньяRussian
- raichina, radichina, arraighinaSardinian
- korijen, корен, коријен, korenSerbo-Croatian
- koreň, korienokSlovak
- koren, koreninaSlovene
- ordrot, tandrot, rötter, böka, nollställe, källa, rota, heja, rot, hårrotSwedish
- మూలము, వేరుTelugu
- akaTonga (Tonga Islands)
- köken, kaynak, kökTurkish
- коріння, коріньUkrainian
- chân tóc, rễ, chân răngVietnamese
- umsuka, impandeZulu
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