Definitions for ROOTrut, rʊt

This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word ROOT

Random House Webster's College Dictionary

rootrut, rʊt(n.)

  1. a part of the body of a plant that develops, typically, from the radicle and grows downward into the soil, anchoring the plant and absorbing nutriment and moisture.

    Category: Botany

  2. any underground part of a plant, as a rhizome.

    Category: Botany

  3. something resembling or suggesting the root of a plant in position or function.

  4. the embedded or basal portion of a hair, tooth, nail, nerve, etc.

    Category: Anatomy

  5. the fundamental or essential part.

  6. the source or origin of a thing:

    the root of all evil.

  7. a person or family as the source of offspring or descendants.

  8. roots, a person's original or ancestral home, environment, and culture. the personal relationships, affinity for a place, habits, etc., that make a locale one's true home.

  9. a quantity that, when multiplied by itself a certain number of times, produces a given quantity: rth root, the quantity raised to the power 1/r: a value of the argument of a function for which the function takes the value zero.

    2 is the square root of 4, the cube root of 8, and the fourth root of 16.

    2 is the ? root of 8.

    Category: Math

  10. a morpheme that underlies an inflectional or derivational paradigm, as dance, the root in danced, dancer or tend-, the root of Latin tendere“to stretch.” such a form reconstructed for a parent language, as *sed-, the hypothetical proto-Indo-European root meaning “sit.”

    Category: Grammar, Language/Linguistics

  11. the fundamental tone of a compound musical tone of a series of harmonies. the lowest tone of a chord when arranged as a series of thirds; fundamental.

    Category: Music and Dance

  12. (in a screw or other threaded object) the narrow inner surface between threads. (in a gear) the narrow inner surface between teeth.

    Category: Machinery

  13. (v.i.)to become fixed or established.

  14. (v.t.)to fix by or as if by roots:

    We were rooted to the spot in amazement.

  15. to implant or establish deeply.

  16. to pull, tear, or dig up by the roots (often fol. by up or out).

    Category: Agriculture

  17. to extirpate; remove completely (often fol. by up or out):

    to root out crime.

Idioms for root:

  1. take root, to send out roots; begin to grow. to become established.

    Category: Idiom, Botany

Origin of root:

bef. 1150; ME; late OE rōt < ON rōt, akin to OE wyrt plant, wort2

rootrut, rʊt(v.i.)

  1. to turn up the soil with the snout, as swine.

    Category: Animal Behavior

  2. to poke or search:

    to root around in a drawer for a cuff link.

  3. (v.t.)to turn over with the snout (often fol. by up).

    Category: Animal Behavior

  4. to unearth (often fol. by up).

Origin of root:

1530–40; var. of wroot (now obs.), ME wroten, OE wrōtan, c. OHG ruozzen; akin to OE wrōt a snout

rootrut or, sometimes, rʊt(v.i.)

  1. to encourage a team or contestant by cheering or applauding enthusiastically.

  2. to lend moral support.

Origin of root:

1885–90, Amer.; perh. var. of rout3

root′er(n.)

Rootrut(n.)

  1. Elihu, 1845–1937, U.S. statesman: Nobel peace prize 1912.

    Category: Biography

Princeton's WordNet

  1. root(noun)

    (botany) the usually underground organ that lacks buds or leaves or nodes; absorbs water and mineral salts; usually it anchors the plant to the ground

  2. beginning, origin, root, rootage, source(noun)

    the place where something begins, where it springs into being

    "the Italian beginning of the Renaissance"; "Jupiter was the origin of the radiation"; "Pittsburgh is the source of the Ohio River"; "communism's Russian root"

  3. root, root word, base, stem, theme, radical(noun)

    (linguistics) the form of a word after all affixes are removed

    "thematic vowels are part of the stem"

  4. root(noun)

    a number that, when multiplied by itself some number of times, equals a given number

  5. solution, root(noun)

    the set of values that give a true statement when substituted into an equation

  6. ancestor, ascendant, ascendent, antecedent, root(noun)

    someone from whom you are descended (but usually more remote than a grandparent)

  7. etymon, root(noun)

    a simple form inferred as the common basis from which related words in several languages can be derived by linguistic processes

  8. root, tooth root(verb)

    the part of a tooth that is embedded in the jaw and serves as support

  9. root(verb)

    take root and begin to grow

    "this plant roots quickly"

  10. root(verb)

    come into existence, originate

    "The problem roots in her depression"

  11. root(verb)

    plant by the roots

  12. rout, root, rootle(verb)

    dig with the snout

    "the pig was rooting for truffles"

  13. settle, root, take root, steady down, settle down(verb)

    become settled or established and stable in one's residence or life style

    "He finally settled down"

  14. root(verb)

    cause to take roots

Kernerman English Learner's Dictionary

  1. root(noun)rut

    the parts of a plant that grow down into the ground

    the oak tree's massive roots

  2. rootrut

    the part of a tooth, hair, or nail that grows under the skin

    the roots of your hair/teeth

  3. rootrut

    the cause of sth bad

    the root of the problem; the root of this worrying behavior

  4. rootrut

    (of an idea) to begin to be accepted or believed

    Slowly, the plan took root in his mind.

  5. root(verb)rut

    to support a particular competitor or team

    I'm rooting for the Bears to win.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Root(verb)

    to turn up the earth with the snout, as swine

  2. Root(verb)

    hence, to seek for favor or advancement by low arts or groveling servility; to fawn servilely

  3. Root(verb)

    to turn up or to dig out with the snout; as, the swine roots the earth

  4. Root(noun)

    the underground portion of a plant, whether a true root or a tuber, a bulb or rootstock, as in the potato, the onion, or the sweet flag

  5. Root(noun)

    the descending, and commonly branching, axis of a plant, increasing in length by growth at its extremity only, not divided into joints, leafless and without buds, and having for its offices to fix the plant in the earth, to supply it with moisture and soluble matters, and sometimes to serve as a reservoir of nutriment for future growth. A true root, however, may never reach the ground, but may be attached to a wall, etc., as in the ivy, or may hang loosely in the air, as in some epiphytic orchids

  6. Root(noun)

    an edible or esculent root, especially of such plants as produce a single root, as the beet, carrot, etc.; as, the root crop

  7. Root(noun)

    that which resembles a root in position or function, esp. as a source of nourishment or support; that from which anything proceeds as if by growth or development; as, the root of a tooth, a nail, a cancer, and the like

  8. Root(noun)

    an ancestor or progenitor; and hence, an early race; a stem

  9. Root(noun)

    a primitive form of speech; one of the earliest terms employed in language; a word from which other words are formed; a radix, or radical

  10. Root(noun)

    the cause or occasion by which anything is brought about; the source

  11. Root(noun)

    that factor of a quantity which when multiplied into itself will produce that quantity; thus, 3 is a root of 9, because 3 multiplied into itself produces 9; 3 is the cube root of 27

  12. Root(noun)

    the fundamental tone of any chord; the tone from whose harmonics, or overtones, a chord is composed

  13. Root(noun)

    the lowest place, position, or part

  14. Root(noun)

    the time which to reckon in making calculations

  15. Root(verb)

    to fix the root; to enter the earth, as roots; to take root and begin to grow

  16. Root(verb)

    to be firmly fixed; to be established

  17. Root(verb)

    to plant and fix deeply in the earth, or as in the earth; to implant firmly; hence, to make deep or radical; to establish; -- used chiefly in the participle; as, rooted trees or forests; rooted dislike

  18. Root(verb)

    to tear up by the root; to eradicate; to extirpate; -- with up, out, or away

Freebase

  1. Root

    The root word is the primary lexical unit of a word, and of a word family, which carries the most significant aspects of semantic content and cannot be reduced into smaller constituents. Content words in nearly all languages contain, and may consist only of root morphemes. However, sometimes the term "root" is also used to describe the word minus its inflectional endings, but with its lexical endings in place. For example, chatters has the inflectional root or lemma chatter, but the lexical root chat. Inflectional roots are often called stems, and a root in the stricter sense may be thought of as a monomorphemic stem. The traditional definition allows roots to be either free morphemes or bound morphemes. Root morphemes are essential for affixation and compounds. However, in polysynthetic languages with very high levels of inflectional morphology, the term "root" is generally synonymous with "free morpheme". Many such languages have a very restricted number of morphemes that can stand alone as a word: Yup'ik, for instance, has no more than two thousand. The root of a word is a unit of meaning and, as such, it is an abstraction, though it can usually be represented in writing as a word would be. For example, it can be said that the root of the English verb form running is run, or the root of the Spanish superlative adjective amplísimo is ampl-, since those words are clearly derived from the root forms by simple suffixes that do not alter the roots in any way. In particular, English has very little inflection, and hence a tendency to have words that are identical to their roots. But more complicated inflection, as well as other processes, can obscure the root; for example, the root of mice is mouse, and the root of interrupt is, arguably, rupt, which is not a word in English and only appears in derivational forms. The root rupt is written as if it were a word, but it's not.

The New Hacker's Dictionary

  1. root

    1. [Unix] The superuser account (with user name ‘root’) that ignores permission bits, user number 0 on a Unix system. The term avatar is also used. 2. The top node of the system directory structure; historically the home directory of the root user, but probably named after the root of an (inverted) tree. 3. By extension, the privileged system-maintenance login on any OS. See root mode, go root, see also wheel.

British National Corpus

  1. Spoken Corpus Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'ROOT' in Spoken Corpus Frequency: #4756

  2. Written Corpus Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'ROOT' in Written Corpus Frequency: #2420

  3. Nouns Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'ROOT' in Nouns Frequency: #1006

  4. Verbs Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'ROOT' in Verbs Frequency: #1107


Translations for ROOT

Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary

root(noun)

the part of a plant that grows under the ground and draws food and water from the soil

Trees often have deep roots; Carrots and turnips are edible roots.

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