Definitions for ROOTrut, rʊt
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word ROOT
Random House Webster's College Dictionary
a part of the body of a plant that develops, typically, from the radicle and grows downward into the soil, anchoring the plant and absorbing nutriment and moisture.
any underground part of a plant, as a rhizome.
something resembling or suggesting the root of a plant in position or function.
the embedded or basal portion of a hair, tooth, nail, nerve, etc.
the fundamental or essential part.
the source or origin of a thing:
the root of all evil.
a person or family as the source of offspring or descendants.
roots, a person's original or ancestral home, environment, and culture. the personal relationships, affinity for a place, habits, etc., that make a locale one's true home.
a quantity that, when multiplied by itself a certain number of times, produces a given quantity: rth root, the quantity raised to the power 1/r: a value of the argument of a function for which the function takes the value zero.
2 is the square root of 4, the cube root of 8, and the fourth root of 16.
2 is the ? root of 8.
a morpheme that underlies an inflectional or derivational paradigm, as dance, the root in danced, dancer or tend-, the root of Latin tendere“to stretch.” such a form reconstructed for a parent language, as *sed-, the hypothetical proto-Indo-European root meaning “sit.”
Category: Grammar, Language/Linguistics
the fundamental tone of a compound musical tone of a series of harmonies. the lowest tone of a chord when arranged as a series of thirds; fundamental.
Category: Music and Dance
(in a screw or other threaded object) the narrow inner surface between threads. (in a gear) the narrow inner surface between teeth.
(v.i.)to become fixed or established.
(v.t.)to fix by or as if by roots:
We were rooted to the spot in amazement.
to implant or establish deeply.
to pull, tear, or dig up by the roots (often fol. by up or out).
to extirpate; remove completely (often fol. by up or out):
to root out crime.
Idioms for root:
take root, to send out roots; begin to grow. to become established.
Category: Idiom, Botany
Origin of root:
bef. 1150; ME; late OE rōt < ON rōt, akin to OE wyrt plant, wort2
to turn up the soil with the snout, as swine.
Category: Animal Behavior
to poke or search:
to root around in a drawer for a cuff link.
(v.t.)to turn over with the snout (often fol. by up).
Category: Animal Behavior
to unearth (often fol. by up).
Origin of root:
1530–40; var. of wroot (now obs.), ME wroten, OE wrōtan, c. OHG ruozzen; akin to OE wrōt a snout
rootrut or, sometimes, rʊt(v.i.)
to encourage a team or contestant by cheering or applauding enthusiastically.
to lend moral support.
Origin of root:
1885–90, Amer.; perh. var. of rout3
Elihu, 1845–1937, U.S. statesman: Nobel peace prize 1912.
(botany) the usually underground organ that lacks buds or leaves or nodes; absorbs water and mineral salts; usually it anchors the plant to the ground
beginning, origin, root, rootage, source(noun)
the place where something begins, where it springs into being
"the Italian beginning of the Renaissance"; "Jupiter was the origin of the radiation"; "Pittsburgh is the source of the Ohio River"; "communism's Russian root"
root, root word, base, stem, theme, radical(noun)
(linguistics) the form of a word after all affixes are removed
"thematic vowels are part of the stem"
a number that, when multiplied by itself some number of times, equals a given number
the set of values that give a true statement when substituted into an equation
ancestor, ascendant, ascendent, antecedent, root(noun)
someone from whom you are descended (but usually more remote than a grandparent)
a simple form inferred as the common basis from which related words in several languages can be derived by linguistic processes
root, tooth root(verb)
the part of a tooth that is embedded in the jaw and serves as support
take root and begin to grow
"this plant roots quickly"
come into existence, originate
"The problem roots in her depression"
plant by the roots
rout, root, rootle(verb)
dig with the snout
"the pig was rooting for truffles"
settle, root, take root, steady down, settle down(verb)
become settled or established and stable in one's residence or life style
"He finally settled down"
cause to take roots
Kernerman English Learner's Dictionary
the parts of a plant that grow down into the ground
the oak tree's massive roots
the part of a tooth, hair, or nail that grows under the skin
the roots of your hair/teeth
the cause of sth bad
the root of the problem; the root of this worrying behavior
(of an idea) to begin to be accepted or believed
Slowly, the plan took root in his mind.
to support a particular competitor or team
I'm rooting for the Bears to win.
to turn up the earth with the snout, as swine
hence, to seek for favor or advancement by low arts or groveling servility; to fawn servilely
to turn up or to dig out with the snout; as, the swine roots the earth
the underground portion of a plant, whether a true root or a tuber, a bulb or rootstock, as in the potato, the onion, or the sweet flag
the descending, and commonly branching, axis of a plant, increasing in length by growth at its extremity only, not divided into joints, leafless and without buds, and having for its offices to fix the plant in the earth, to supply it with moisture and soluble matters, and sometimes to serve as a reservoir of nutriment for future growth. A true root, however, may never reach the ground, but may be attached to a wall, etc., as in the ivy, or may hang loosely in the air, as in some epiphytic orchids
an edible or esculent root, especially of such plants as produce a single root, as the beet, carrot, etc.; as, the root crop
that which resembles a root in position or function, esp. as a source of nourishment or support; that from which anything proceeds as if by growth or development; as, the root of a tooth, a nail, a cancer, and the like
an ancestor or progenitor; and hence, an early race; a stem
a primitive form of speech; one of the earliest terms employed in language; a word from which other words are formed; a radix, or radical
the cause or occasion by which anything is brought about; the source
that factor of a quantity which when multiplied into itself will produce that quantity; thus, 3 is a root of 9, because 3 multiplied into itself produces 9; 3 is the cube root of 27
the fundamental tone of any chord; the tone from whose harmonics, or overtones, a chord is composed
the lowest place, position, or part
the time which to reckon in making calculations
to fix the root; to enter the earth, as roots; to take root and begin to grow
to be firmly fixed; to be established
to plant and fix deeply in the earth, or as in the earth; to implant firmly; hence, to make deep or radical; to establish; -- used chiefly in the participle; as, rooted trees or forests; rooted dislike
to tear up by the root; to eradicate; to extirpate; -- with up, out, or away
The root word is the primary lexical unit of a word, and of a word family, which carries the most significant aspects of semantic content and cannot be reduced into smaller constituents. Content words in nearly all languages contain, and may consist only of root morphemes. However, sometimes the term "root" is also used to describe the word minus its inflectional endings, but with its lexical endings in place. For example, chatters has the inflectional root or lemma chatter, but the lexical root chat. Inflectional roots are often called stems, and a root in the stricter sense may be thought of as a monomorphemic stem. The traditional definition allows roots to be either free morphemes or bound morphemes. Root morphemes are essential for affixation and compounds. However, in polysynthetic languages with very high levels of inflectional morphology, the term "root" is generally synonymous with "free morpheme". Many such languages have a very restricted number of morphemes that can stand alone as a word: Yup'ik, for instance, has no more than two thousand. The root of a word is a unit of meaning and, as such, it is an abstraction, though it can usually be represented in writing as a word would be. For example, it can be said that the root of the English verb form running is run, or the root of the Spanish superlative adjective amplísimo is ampl-, since those words are clearly derived from the root forms by simple suffixes that do not alter the roots in any way. In particular, English has very little inflection, and hence a tendency to have words that are identical to their roots. But more complicated inflection, as well as other processes, can obscure the root; for example, the root of mice is mouse, and the root of interrupt is, arguably, rupt, which is not a word in English and only appears in derivational forms. The root rupt is written as if it were a word, but it's not.
The New Hacker's Dictionary
1. [Unix] The superuser account (with user name ‘root’) that ignores permission bits, user number 0 on a Unix system. The term avatar is also used. 2. The top node of the system directory structure; historically the home directory of the root user, but probably named after the root of an (inverted) tree. 3. By extension, the privileged system-maintenance login on any OS. See root mode, go root, see also wheel.
British National Corpus
Spoken Corpus Frequency
Rank popularity for the word 'ROOT' in Spoken Corpus Frequency: #4756
Written Corpus Frequency
Rank popularity for the word 'ROOT' in Written Corpus Frequency: #2420
Rank popularity for the word 'ROOT' in Nouns Frequency: #1006
Rank popularity for the word 'ROOT' in Verbs Frequency: #1107
Translations for ROOT
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary
the part of a plant that grows under the ground and draws food and water from the soil
Trees often have deep roots; Carrots and turnips are edible roots.
- raizPortuguese (BR)
- die WurzelGerman
- akar pokokMalay
- 植物根部Chinese (Trad.)
- rễ câyVietnamese
- 根茎Chinese (Simp.)
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