Definitions for Polarizationˌpoʊ lər əˈzeɪ ʃən
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word Polarization
Random House Webster's College Dictionary
po•lar•i•za•tionˌpoʊ lər əˈzeɪ ʃən(n.)
a sharp division, as of a population or group, into opposing factions.
Category: Common Vocabulary
a state, or the production of a state, in which rays of light or similar radiation exhibit different properties in different directions.
the induction of polarity in a ferromagnetic substance; magnetization.
Category: Electricity and Magnetism
the production or acquisition of polarity.
the phenomenon in which waves of light or other radiation are restricted in direction of vibration
the condition of having or giving polarity
the production, or the condition of polarity
the production of polarized light; the direction in which the electric field of an electromagnetic wave points
the separation of positive and negative charges in a nucleus, atom, molecule or system
the grouping of opinions into two extremes
the act of polarizing; the state of being polarized, or of having polarity
a peculiar affection or condition of the rays of light or heat, in consequence of which they exhibit different properties in different directions
an effect produced upon the plates of a voltaic battery, or the electrodes in an electrolytic cell, by the deposition upon them of the gases liberated by the action of the current. It is chiefly due to the hydrogen, and results in an increase of the resistance, and the setting up of an opposing electro-motive force, both of which tend materially to weaken the current of the battery, or that passing through the cell
Polarization is a property of waves that can oscillate with more than one orientation. Electromagnetic waves, such as light, and gravitational waves exhibit polarization; sound waves in a gas or liquid do not have polarization because the medium vibrates only along the direction in which the waves are travelling. By convention, the polarization of light is described by specifying the orientation of the wave's electric field at a point in space over one period of the oscillation. When light travels in free space, in most cases it propagates as a transverse wave—the polarization is perpendicular to the wave's direction of travel. In this case, the electric field may be oriented in a single direction, or it may rotate as the wave travels. In the latter case, the field may rotate in either direction. The direction in which the field rotates is the wave's chirality or handedness. The polarization of an electromagnetic wave can be more complicated in certain cases. For instance, in a waveguide such as an optical fiber or for radially polarized beams in free space, the fields can have longitudinal as well as transverse components. Such EM waves are either TM or hybrid modes.
The Standard Electrical Dictionary
(a) The depriving of a voltaic cell of its proper electro-motive force. Polarization may be due to various causes. The solution may become exhausted, as in a Smee battery, when the acid is saturated with zinc and thus a species of polarization follows. But the best definition of polarization restricts it to the development of counter-electro-motive force in the battery by the accumulation of hydrogen on the negative (carbon or copper) plate. To overcome this difficulty many methods are employed. Oxidizing solutions or solids are used, such as solution of chromic acid or powdered manganese dioxide, as in the Bunsen and Leclanché batteries respectively; a roughened surface of platinum black is used, as in the Smee battery; air is blown through the solution to carry off the hydrogen, or the plates themselves are moved about in the solution. (b) Imparting magnetization to a bar of iron or steel, thus making a permanent magnet, is the polarization of the steel of which it is made. Polarization may be permanent, as in steel, or only temporary, as in soft iron. (c) The strain upon a dielectric when it separates two oppositely charged surfaces. The secondary discharge of a Leyden jar, and its alteration in volume testify to the strain put upon it by charging. (d) The alteration of arrangement of the molecules of an electrolyte by a decomposing current. All the molecules are supposed to be arranged with like ends pointing in the same direction, positive ends facing the positively-charged plate and negative ends the negatively-charged one. (e) The production of counter-electro-motive force in a secondary battery, or in any combination capable of acting as the seat of such counter-electro-motive force. (See Battery, Secondary--Battery, Gas.) The same can be found often in organized cellular tissue such as that of muscles, nerves, or of plants. If a current is passed through this in one direction, it often establishes a polarization or potential difference that is susceptible of giving a return current in the opposite direction when the charging battery is replaced by a conductor.
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