respiratory disease characterized by inflammation of the lung parenchyma (excluding the bronchi) with congestion caused by viruses or bacteria or irritants
An acute or chronic inflammation of the lungs caused by viruses, bacteria or other microorganisms, or sometimes by physical or chemical irritants.
Origin: From πνευμονία, from πνεύμων.
inflammation of the lungs
Origin: [NL., fr. Gr. pneymoni`a, fr. pney`mwn, pl. pney`mones the lungs, also, pley`mwn, which is perh. the original form. Cf. Pneumatio, Pulmonary.]
Pneumonia is an inflammatory condition of the lung—affecting primarily the microscopic air sacs known as alveoli. It is usually caused by infection with viruses or bacteria and less commonly other microorganisms, certain drugs and other conditions such as autoimmune diseases. Typical symptoms include a cough, chest pain, fever, and difficulty breathing. Diagnostic tools include x-rays and culture of the sputum. Vaccines to prevent certain types of pneumonia are available. Treatment depends on the underlying cause. Presumed bacterial pneumonia is treated with antibiotics. If the pneumonia is severe, the affected person is generally admitted to hospital. Annually, pneumonia affects approximately 450 million people, seven percent of the world's total, and results in about 4 million deaths. Although pneumonia was regarded by William Osler in the 19th century as "the captain of the men of death", the advent of antibiotic therapy and vaccines in the 20th century has seen improvements in survival. Nevertheless, in developing countries, and among the very old, the very young and the chronically ill, pneumonia remains a leading cause of death.
The Nuttall Encyclopedia
name given to acute inflammation of the lungs.
U.S. National Library of Medicine
Inflammation of any part, segment or lobe, of the lung parenchyma.
The numerical value of Pneumonia in Chaldean Numerology is: 6
The numerical value of Pneumonia in Pythagorean Numerology is: 9
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Translations for Pneumonia
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- ذات الرئةArabic
- pulmonia, pneumòniaCatalan, Valencian
- pneumonie, zápal plicCzech
- Lungenentzündung, PneumonieGerman
- pulmonía, neumoníaSpanish
- keuhkokuume, pneumoniaFinnish
- fiabhras-clèibheScottish Gaelic
- թոքերի բորբոքում, թոքաբորբArmenian
- 肺炎, 폐렴Korean
- zapalenie płucPolish
- пневмония, воспаление лёгкихRussian
- zatürre, pnömoni, zatürreeTurkish
- viêm phổiVietnamese
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