pharmacology, pharmacological medicine, materia medica(noun)
the science or study of drugs: their preparation and properties and uses and effects
The science that studies the effects of chemical compounds on living animals, especially the science of the manufacture, use and effects of medicinal drugs.
The medicinal characteristics of a specific drug.
Origin: From pharmaco- + -logy.
knowledge of drugs or medicines; the art of preparing medicines
a treatise on the art of preparing medicines
Origin: [Gr. fa`rmakon drug + -logy: cf. F. pharmacologie.]
Pharmacology is the branch of medicine and biology concerned with the study of drug action, where a drug can be broadly defined as any man-made, natural, or endogenous molecule which exerts a biochemical and/or physiological effect on the cell, tissue, organ, or organism. More specifically, it is the study of the interactions that occur between a living organism and chemicals that affect normal or abnormal biochemical function. If substances have medicinal properties, they are considered pharmaceuticals. The field encompasses drug composition and properties, synthesis and drug design, molecular and cellular mechanisms, organ/systems mechanisms, signal transduction/cellular communication, molecular diagnostics, interactions, toxicology, chemical biology, therapy, and medical applications and antipathogenic capabilities. The two main areas of pharmacology are pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics. The former studies the effects of the drug on biological systems, and the latter the effects of biological systems on the drug. In broad terms, pharmacodynamics discusses the chemicals with biological receptors, and pharmacokinetics discusses the absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion of chemicals from the biological systems. Pharmacology is not synonymous with pharmacy and the two terms are frequently confused. Pharmacology, a biomedical science, deals with the research, discovery, and characterization of chemicals which show biological effects and the elucidation of cellular and organismal function in relation to these chemicals. In contrast, pharmacy, a health services profession, is concerned with application of the principles learned from pharmacology in its clinical settings; whether it be in a dispensing or clinical care role. In either field, the primary contrast between the two are their distinctions between direct-patient care, for pharmacy practice, and the science-oriented research field, driven by pharmacology.
U.S. National Library of Medicine
The study of the origin, nature, properties, and actions of drugs and their effects on living organisms.
The numerical value of Pharmacology in Chaldean Numerology is: 9
The numerical value of Pharmacology in Pythagorean Numerology is: 8
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Translations for Pharmacology
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- علم الصيدلةArabic
- farmacologiaCatalan, Valencian
- داروشناسی, فارماکولوژیPersian
- 藥理學, 약리학Korean
- farmakologiNorwegian Nynorsk
- farmakològija, фармаколо̀гијаSerbo-Croatian
- dược lý học, 藥理學Vietnamese
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"Pharmacology." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2017. Web. 14 Dec. 2017. <http://www.definitions.net/definition/Pharmacology>.