Definitions for Parityˈpær ɪ ti
Random House Webster's College Dictionary
par•i•tyˈpær ɪ ti(n.)(pl.)-ties.
equality, as in amount, status, or character.
equivalence or correspondence; similarity.
equivalent value in the currency of another country. equivalent value at a fixed ratio between moneys of different metals.
the property of symmetry between a subatomic particle and its mirror image, indicated by +1 if the two are indistinguishable and by −1 if they are different.
a system of regulating prices of farm commodities, usu. by government price supports, to provide farmers with the same purchasing power they had in a selected base period.
the status, as even or odd, of the total number of bits per byte or word: used to detect errors in a computer system or in data communications.
Origin of parity:
1565–75; < LL paritās. See par , -ity
par•i•tyˈpær ɪ ti(n.)
the condition of having borne offspring.
Ref: para4 (def. 1). 1 5 1
Origin of parity:
1875–80; < L par(ere) to bring forth (cf. parent ) + -ity
(obstetrics) the number of liveborn children a woman has delivered
"the parity of the mother must be considered"; "a bipara is a woman who has given birth to two children"
(mathematics) a relation between a pair of integers: if both integers are odd or both are even they have the same parity; if one is odd and the other is even they have different parity
"parity is often used to check the integrity of transmitted data"
parity bit, parity, check bit(noun)
(computer science) a bit that is used in an error detection procedure in which a 0 or 1 is added to each group of bits so that it will have either an odd number of 1's or an even number of 1's; e.g., if the parity is odd then any group of bits that arrives with an even number of 1's must contain an error
parity, conservation of parity, space-reflection symmetry, mirror symmetry(noun)
(physics) parity is conserved in a universe in which the laws of physics are the same in a right-handed system of coordinates as in a left-handed system
the quality or condition of being equal or equivalent; A like state or degree; equality; close correspondence; analogy; as, parity of reasoning
U.S. National Library of Medicine
The number of offspring a female has borne. It is contrasted with GRAVIDITY, which refers to the number of pregnancies, regardless of outcome.