Definitions for Parallelismˈpær ə lɛˌlɪz əm, -ləˌlɪz-

This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word Parallelism

Random House Webster's College Dictionary

par•al•lel•ismˈpær ə lɛˌlɪz əm, -ləˌlɪz-(n.)

  1. the fact or condition of being parallel; agreement in character, direction, etc.

  2. the position or relation of parallels.

  3. a parallel or comparison.

  4. the philosophical theory that mental and physical processes are concomitant but not causally related.

  5. the repetition of a syntactic structure for rhetorical effect.

  6. Category: Biology

    Ref: parallel evolution.

Origin of parallelism:

1600–10

par′al•lel`ist(n.)

Princeton's WordNet

  1. parallelism, correspondence(noun)

    similarity by virtue of corresponding

Wiktionary

  1. parallelism(Noun)

    The state or condition of being parallel; agreement in direction, tendency, or character.

  2. parallelism(Noun)

    The state of being in agreement or similarity; resemblance, correspondence, analogy.

  3. parallelism(Noun)

    A parallel position; the relation of parallels.

  4. parallelism(Noun)

    The juxtaposition of two or more identical or equivalent syntactic constructions, especially those expressing the same sentiment with slight modifications, introduced for rhetorical effect.

  5. parallelism(Noun)

    The doctrine that matter and mind do not causally interact but that physiological events in the brain or body nonetheless occur simultaneously with matching events in the mind.

  6. parallelism(Noun)

    In antitrust law, the practice of competitors of raising prices by roughly the same amount at roughly the same time, without engaging in a formal agreement to do so.

  7. parallelism(Noun)

    Similarity of features between two species resulting from their having taken similar evolutionary paths following their initial divergence from a common ancestor.

  8. Origin: From and from parallelismus.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Parallelism(noun)

    the quality or state of being parallel

  2. Parallelism(noun)

    resemblance; correspondence; similarity

  3. Parallelism(noun)

    similarity of construction or meaning of clauses placed side by side, especially clauses expressing the same sentiment with slight modifications, as is common in Hebrew poetry; e. g.: --//At her feet he bowed, he fell:/Where he bowed, there he fell down dead. Judg. v. 27

Freebase

  1. Parallelism

    In rhetoric, parallelism means giving two or more parts of the sentences a similar form so as to give the whole a definite pattern. Parallelisms of various sorts are the chief rhetorical device of Biblical poetry and in the poetry of many cultures around the world, particularly in oral traditions. Robert Lowth coined the term "parallelismus membrorum in his 1788 book, Lectures on the Sacred Poetry of the Hebrew Nation. Roman Jakobson pioneered the secular study of parallelism in poetic-linguistic traditions around the world, including his own Russian tradition. In addition, Chinese poetry uses parallelism in its first form. In a parallel couplet not only must the content, the parts of speech, the mythological and historico- geographical allusions, be all separately matched and balanced, but most of the tones must also be paired reciprocally. Even tones are conjoined with inflected ones, and vice versa. Parallelisms in artistic speech are common in some languages of Mesoamerica, such as Nahuatl. It has also been observed in a language of Indonesia and Navajo. Other research has found parallelisms in the languages of the Ural-Altaic area and Toda, suggesting wider distribution among Dravidian languages.

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