Definitions for Midrashmiˈdrɑʃ; ˌmi drɑˈʃim; ˌmi drɑˈʃɔt
Random House Webster's College Dictionary
mid•rashmiˈdrɑʃ; ˌmi drɑˈʃim; ˌmi drɑˈʃɔt(n.)(pl.)mid•ra•shim; mid•ra•shoth, mid•ra•shot
an early Jewish interpretation of or commentary on a Biblical text.
(cap.) a collection of such commentaries, esp. those written in the first ten centuries a .d .
Origin of midrash:
1605–15; < Heb midrāsh lit., exposition
A Rabbinic commentary on a text from the Hebrew Scripture.
The Rabbinic technique or tradition of such exegesis.
Origin: From מדרש, in turn from Aramaic דרש.
a talmudic exposition of the Hebrew law, or of some part of it
The Nuttall Encyclopedia
the earliest Hebrew exposition of the Old Testament; included the Halacha, or development of the legal system on Pentateuchal lines, and the Hagada, a commentary on the whole Scripture, with ethical, social, and religious applications. The name Midrash came to refer exclusively to the latter, in which much fanciful interpretation was mixed with sound practical sense.