Definitions for Inflationɪnˈfleɪ ʃən
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word Inflation
inflation, rising prices(noun)
a general and progressive increase in prices
"in inflation everything gets more valuable except money"
(cosmology) a brief exponential expansion of the universe (faster than the speed of light) postulated to have occurred shortly after the big bang
ostentation, ostentatiousness, pomposity, pompousness, pretentiousness, puffiness, splashiness, inflation(noun)
lack of elegance as a consequence of being pompous and puffed up with vanity
the act of filling something with air
An act, instance of, or state of expansion or increase in size, especially by injection of a gas.
The inflation of the balloon took five hours.
An increase in the general level of prices or in the cost of living.
A decline in the value of money.
An increase in the quantity of money, leading to a devaluation of existing money.
Undue expansion or increase, as of academic grades.
An extremely rapid expansion of the universe, theorised to have occurred very shortly after the big bang.
the act or process of inflating, or the state of being inflated, as with air or gas; distention; expansion; enlargement
the state of being puffed up, as with pride; conceit; vanity
undue expansion or increase, from overissue; -- said of currency
Origin: [L. inflatio: cf. F. inflation.]
In economics, inflation is a rise in the general level of prices of goods and services in an economy over a period of time. When the general price level rises, each unit of currency buys fewer goods and services. Consequently, inflation reflects a reduction in the purchasing power per unit of money – a loss of real value in the medium of exchange and unit of account within the economy. A chief measure of price inflation is the inflation rate, the annualized percentage change in a general price index over time. Inflation's effects on an economy are various and can be simultaneously positive and negative. Negative effects of inflation include an increase in the opportunity cost of holding money, uncertainty over future inflation which may discourage investment and savings, and if inflation is rapid enough, shortages of goods as consumers begin hoarding out of concern that prices will increase in the future. Positive effects include ensuring that central banks can adjust real interest rates, and encouraging investment in non-monetary capital projects. Economists generally agree that high rates of inflation and hyperinflation are caused by an excessive growth of the money supply. Views on which factors determine low to moderate rates of inflation are more varied. Low or moderate inflation may be attributed to fluctuations in real demand for goods and services, or changes in available supplies such as during scarcities, as well as to changes in the velocity of money supply measures; in particular the MZM supply velocity. However, the consensus view is that a long sustained period of inflation is caused by money supply growing faster than the rate of economic growth.
British National Corpus
Spoken Corpus Frequency
Rank popularity for the word 'Inflation' in Spoken Corpus Frequency: #2305
Written Corpus Frequency
Rank popularity for the word 'Inflation' in Written Corpus Frequency: #2726
Rank popularity for the word 'Inflation' in Nouns Frequency: #1016
Translations for Inflation
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- Inflation, Aufblasen, AufblähungGerman
- πληθωρισμός, φούσκωμαGreek
- laajentuminen, inflaatioFinnish
- virðisminkan, inflasjónFaroese
- սղաճ, գնաճArmenian
- inflasi, kembang, kembungIndonesian
- インフレ, インフレーション, 膨張, 膨らみJapanese
- 인플레이션, 팽창Korean
- whakapikinga utuMāori
- uitdijing, inflatie, opblazenDutch
- oppblåsing, inflasjonNorwegian
- غومبه, پړسوبPashto, Pushto
- inflação, inflamentoPortuguese
- надува́ние, расшире́ние, инфля́цияRussian
- inflácija, инфлацијаSerbo-Croatian
- uppblåsning, inflationSwedish
- mfumuko wa beiSwahili
- thổi phồng, tăng giáVietnamese
- niflat, bladosvolükönVolapük
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