abnormal enlargement of a body part or organ
"muscles can hypertrophy when people take steroids"
An increase in the size of an organ due to swelling of the individual cells
Increase in muscle size through increased size of individual muscle cells; a result of weightlifting, and other exercise. It differs from muscle hyperplasia, which is the formation of new muscle cells.
: To increase in size
a condition of overgrowth or excessive development of an organ or part; -- the opposite of atrophy
Origin: [Gr. "ype`r over, beyond + nourishment, fr. to nourish: cf. F. hypertrophie.]
Hypertrophy is the increase in the volume of an organ or tissue due to the enlargement of its component cells. It should be distinguished from hyperplasia, in which the cells remain approximately the same size but increase in number. Although hypertrophy and hyperplasia are two distinct processes, they frequently occur together, such as in the case of the hormonally-induced proliferation and enlargement of the cells of the uterus during pregnancy.
Chambers 20th Century Dictionary
hī-per′tro-fi, n. over-nourishment: the state of an organ or part of the body when it grows too large from over-nourishment.—adjs. Hypertroph′ic, -al, Hyper′trophied, Hyper′trophous. [Gr. hyper, above, trophē, nourishment.]
U.S. National Library of Medicine
General increase in bulk of a part or organ due to CELL ENLARGEMENT and accumulation of FLUIDS AND SECRETIONS, not due to tumor formation, nor to an increase in the number of cells (HYPERPLASIA).
The numerical value of Hypertrophy in Chaldean Numerology is: 3
The numerical value of Hypertrophy in Pythagorean Numerology is: 3
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Translations for Hypertrophy
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- hipertròfiaCatalan, Valencian
- υπερτροφία, αυξάνω, υπερτροφώGreek
- hipertrofiarse, hipertrofiaSpanish
- hypertrophie, s'hypertrophierFrench
- 肥大, 肥大するJapanese
- hipertrofia, hipertrofiarPortuguese
- hipertrofia, hipertrofieRomanian
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