Definitions for Hadassah
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Hadassah, the Women's Zionist Organization of America is an American Jewish volunteer women's organization. Founded in 1912 by Henrietta Szold, it is one of the largest international Jewish organizations, with around 330,000 members worldwide, including Members, Life Members, Child Life Members and Associates, who are male members. In the United States, Hadassah promotes health education, social action and advocacy, volunteerism, Jewish education and research, and connections with Israel. Hadassah celebrated their centennial year in October 2012 with a large convention in Jerusalem, Israel, October 15–17, 2012. Hadassah was established in New York City by Henrietta Szold and the Daughters of Zion, a women's study group. The goal was to promote the Zionist ideal through education, public health initiatives, and the training of nurses in what was then the Palestine region of the Ottoman Empire. At the founders' meeting, which coincided with the Jewish holiday of Purim, the group chose the name Hadassah, the Hebrew name of the biblical heroine Esther, central figure in the celebration of Purim. With Szold serving as the first national president, Hadassah chapters soon opened in Baltimore, Cleveland, Chicago, and Boston.
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