cittern, cithern, cither, citole, gittern(noun)
a 16th century musical instrument resembling a guitar with a pear-shaped soundbox and wire strings
A relatively small, quill-plucked, gut-strung musical instrument, a predecessor of the guitar, that originated around the 13th century and came to Europe via Moorish Spain.
an instrument like a guitar
to play on gittern
Origin: [OE. giterne, OF. guiterne, ultimately from same source as E. guitar. See Guitar, and cf. Cittern.]
The gittern was a relatively small, quill-plucked, gut strung instrument that originated around the 13th century and came to Europe via Moorish Spain. It was also called the quinterne in Germany, the guitarra in Spain, and the chitarra in Italy. A popular instrument with the minstrels and amateur musicians of the 14th century, the gittern eventually out-competed its rival, the citole. Soon after, its popularity began to fade, giving rise to the larger and more evocative lute and guitar. Up until 2002, there were only two known surviving medieval gitterns, one in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the other in the Wartburg Castle Museum. A third was discovered in a medieval outhouse in Elbląg, Poland.
Chambers 20th Century Dictionary
git′ern, n. a kind of guitar, a cithern.—v.i. to play on the gittern. [Most prob. Old Dut. ghiterne—L. cithara—Gr. kithara. See Guitar.]
The numerical value of Gittern in Chaldean Numerology is: 6
The numerical value of Gittern in Pythagorean Numerology is: 3
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