Definitions for FORTIFICATIONˌfɔr tə fɪˈkeɪ ʃən
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word FORTIFICATION
Random House Webster's College Dictionary
for•ti•fi•ca•tionˌfɔr tə fɪˈkeɪ ʃən(n.)
the process or act of fortifying.
something that fortifies or protects.
Often, fortifications. military works constructed in order to defend or strengthen a position.
Origin of fortification:
1400–50; late ME < LL
defensive structure consisting of walls or mounds built around a stronghold to strengthen it
the art or science of strengthening defenses
the addition of an ingredient for the purpose of enrichment (as the addition of alcohol to wine or the addition of vitamins to food)
The act of fortifying; the art or science of fortifying places to strengthen defence against an enemy.
That which fortifies; especially, a work or works erected to defend a place against attack; a fortified place; a fortress; a fort; a castle.
Origin: From fortificatio.
the act of fortifying; the art or science of fortifying places in order to defend them against an enemy
that which fortifies; especially, a work or works erected to defend a place against attack; a fortified place; a fortress; a fort; a castle
Fortifications are military constructions and buildings designed for defense in warfare and military bases. Humans have constructed defensive works for many thousands of years, in a variety of increasingly complex designs. The term is derived from the Latin fortis and facere. The art of setting out a military camp or constructing a fortification traditionally has been called "castramentation" since the time of the Roman legions. Fortification is usually divided into two branches: permanent fortification and field fortification. There is also an intermediate branch known as semi-permanent fortification. Castles are fortifications which are regarded as being distinct from the generic fort or fortress in that it describes a residence of a monarch or noble and commands a specific defensive territory. From very early history to modern times, walls have been a necessity for many cities. Some settlements in the Indus Valley Civilization were also fortified. In ancient Greece, large stone walls had been built in Mycenaean Greece, such as the ancient site of Mycenae. Roman forts and hill forts were the main antecedents of castles in Europe, which emerged in the 9th century in the Carolingian Empire.The Early Middle Ages saw the creation of some towns built around castles. Medieval-style fortifications were largely made obsolete by the arrival of cannons on the 14th century battlefield. Fortifications in the age of black powder evolved into much lower structures with greater use of ditches and earth ramparts that would absorb and disperse the energy of cannon fire. Walls exposed to direct cannon fire were very vulnerable, so were sunk into ditches fronted by earth slopes.
Translations for FORTIFICATION
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary
walls etc built to strengthen an army, city, nation etc against attack
Fortifications surrounded the city.
- fortificaçãoPortuguese (BR)
- die BefestigungGerman
- befæstning; forskansningDanish
- οχυρώσεις, τείχηGreek
- obrambena utvrda, fortifikacijaCroatian
- tembok pertahananIndonesian
- 要塞 (化)Japanese
- tembok pertahananMalay
- استحكام، تيارى، ټينګوالى، سنګر نيونه، څو كۍ نيونهPashto
- 防禦工事Chinese (Trad.)
- قلعہ بندیUrdu
- xây công sựVietnamese
- 防御工事Chinese (Simp.)
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"FORTIFICATION." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2014. Web. 20 Aug. 2014. <http://www.definitions.net/definition/FORTIFICATION>.