a physical phenomenon associated with stationary or moving electrons and protons
electricity, electrical energy(noun)
energy made available by the flow of electric charge through a conductor
"they built a car that runs on electricity"
keen and shared excitement
"the stage crackled with electricity whenever she was on it"
(Physics) a property of certain of the fundamental particles of which matter is composed, called also electric charge, and being of two types, designated positive and negative; the property of electric charge on a particle or physical body creates a force field which affects other particles or bodies possessing electric charge; positive charges create a repulsive force between them, and negative charges also create a repulsive force. A positively charged body and a negatively charged body will create an attractive force between them. The unit of electrical charge is the coulomb, and the intensity of the force field at any point is measured in volts.
any of several phenomena associated with the accumulation or movement of electrically charged particles within material bodies, classified as static electricity and electric current. Static electricity is often observed in everyday life, when it causes certain materials to cling together; when sufficient static charge is accumulated, an electric current may pass through the air between two charged bodies, and is observed as a visible spark; when the spark passes from a human body to another object it may be felt as a mild to strong painful sensation. Electricity in the form of electric current is put to many practical uses in electrical and electronic devices. Lightning is also known to be a form of electric current passing between clouds and the ground, or between two clouds. Electric currents may produce heat, light, concussion, and often chemical changes when passed between objects or through any imperfectly conducting substance or space. Accumulation of electrical charge or generation of a voltage differnce between two parts of a complex object may be caused by any of a variety of disturbances of molecular equilibrium, whether from a chemical, physical, or mechanical, cause. Electric current in metals and most other solid coductors is carried by the movement of electrons from one part of the metal to another. In ionic solutions and in semiconductors, other types of movement of charged particles may be responsible for the observed electrical current.
Origin: [Cf. F. lectricit. See Electric.]
A form of energy usually carried by wires or supplied by batteries used to power machines and computing, communications, lighting, and heating devices.
A form of secondary energy, caused by the behavior of electrons and protons, properly called "electrical energy".
A fundamental attractive property of matter, appearing in negative and positive kinds.
The flow of charge carriers within a conductor, properly called "electric current".
The charge carriers within a conductor, properly called "electric charge".
A class of physical phenomena, related to flows and interactions of electric charge
A field of physical science and technology, concerned with the phenomena of electric charge
Opening night for the new production had an electricity unlike other openings.
a power in nature, a manifestation of energy, exhibiting itself when in disturbed equilibrium or in activity by a circuit movement, the fact of direction in which involves polarity, or opposition of properties in opposite directions; also, by attraction for many substances, by a law involving attraction between surfaces of unlike polarity, and repulsion between those of like; by exhibiting accumulated polar tension when the circuit is broken; and by producing heat, light, concussion, and often chemical changes when the circuit passes between the poles or through any imperfectly conducting substance or space. It is generally brought into action by any disturbance of molecular equilibrium, whether from a chemical, physical, or mechanical, cause
the science which unfolds the phenomena and laws of electricity; electrical science
fig.: Electrifying energy or characteristic
Origin: [Cf. F. lectricit. See Electric.]
Electricity is the set of physical phenomena associated with the presence and flow of electric charge. Electricity gives a wide variety of well-known effects, such as lightning, static electricity, electromagnetic induction and the flow of electrical current. In addition, electricity permits the creation and reception of electromagnetic radiation such as radio waves. In electricity, charges produce electromagnetic fields which act on other charges. Electricity occurs due to several types of physics: ⁕electric charge: a property of some subatomic particles, which determines their electromagnetic interactions. Electrically charged matter is influenced by, and produces, electromagnetic fields. ⁕electric current: a movement or flow of electrically charged particles, typically measured in amperes. ⁕electric field: an especially simple type of electromagnetic field produced by an electric charge even when it is not moving. The electric field produces a force on other charges in its vicinity. Moving charges additionally produce a magnetic field. ⁕electric potential: the capacity of an electric field to do work on an electric charge, typically measured in volts.
The Nuttall Encyclopedia
the name given to a subtle agent called the electric fluid, latent in all bodies, and first evolved by friction, and which may manifest itself, under certain conditions, in brilliant flashes of light, or, when in contact with animals, in nervous shocks more or less violent. It is of two kinds, negative and positive, and as such exhibits itself in the polarity of the magnet, when it is called Magnetic (q. v.), and is excited by chemical action, when it is called Voltaic (q. v.).
U.S. National Library of Medicine
The physical effects involving the presence of electric charges at rest and in motion.
The Standard Electrical Dictionary
It is impossible in the existing state of human knowledge to give a satisfactory definition of electricity. The views of various authorities are given here to afford a basis for arriving at the general consensus of electricians. We have as yet no conception of electricity apart from the electrified body; we have no experience of its independent existence. (J. E. H. Gordon.) What is Electricity? We do not know, and for practical purposes it is not necessary that we should know. (Sydney F. Walker.) Electricity … is one of those hidden and mysterious powers of nature which has thus become known to us through the medium of effects. (Weale's Dictionary of Terms.) This word Electricity is used to express more particularly the cause, which even today remains unknown, of the phenomena that we are about to explain. (Amédée Guillemin.) Electricity is a powerful physical agent which manifests itself mainly by attractions and repulsions, but also by luminous and heating effects, by violent commotions, by chemical decompositions, and many other phenomena. Unlike gravity, it is not inherent in bodies, but it is evoked in them by a variety of causes … (Ganot's Physics.) Electricity and magnetism are not forms of energy; neither are they forms of matter. They may, perhaps, be provisionally defined as properties or conditions of matter; but whether this matter be the ordinary matter, or whether it be, on the other hand, that all-pervading ether by which ordinary matter is surrounded, is a question which has been under discussion, and which now may be fairly held to be settled in favor of the latter view. (Daniell's Physics.) The name used in connection with an extensive and important class of phenomena, and usually denoting the unknown cause of the phenomena or the science that treats of them. (Imperial Dictionary.) Electricity. . . is the imponderable physical agent, cause, force or the molecular movement, by which, under certain conditions, certain phenomena, chiefly those of attraction and repulsion, . . . are produced. (John Angell.) It has been suggested that if anything can rightly be called "electricity," this must be the ether itself; and that all electrical and magnetic phenomena are simply due to changes, strains and motions in the ether. Perhaps negative electrification. . .means an excess of ether, and positive electrification a defect of ether, as compared with the normal density. (W. Larden.) Electricity is the name given to the supposed agent producing the described condition (i. e. electrification) of bodies. (Fleeming Jenkin.) There are certain bodies which, when warm and dry, acquire by friction, the property of attracting feathers, filaments of silk or indeed any light body towards them. This property is called Electricity, and bodies which possess it are said to be electrified. (Linnaeus Cumming.) What electricity is it is impossible to say, but for the present it is convenient to look upon it as a kind of invisible something which pervades all bodies. (W. Perren Maycock.) What is electricity? No one knows. It seems to be one manifestation of the energy which fills the universe and which appears in a variety of other forms, such as heat, light, magnetism, chemical affinity, mechanical motion, etc. (Park Benjamin.) The theory of electricity adopted throughout these lessons is, that electricity, whatever its true nature, is one, not two; that this Electricity, whatever it may prove to be, is not matter, and is not energy; that it resembles both matter and energy in one respect, however, in that it can neither be created nor destroyed. (Sylvanus P. Thomson.) In Physics a name denoting the cause of an important class of phenomena of attraction and repulsion, chemical decomposition, etc., or, collectively, these p
British National Corpus
Spoken Corpus Frequency
Rank popularity for the word 'Electricity' in Spoken Corpus Frequency: #2808
Written Corpus Frequency
Rank popularity for the word 'Electricity' in Written Corpus Frequency: #1996
Rank popularity for the word 'Electricity' in Nouns Frequency: #1160
The numerical value of Electricity in Chaldean Numerology is: 5
The numerical value of Electricity in Pythagorean Numerology is: 3
Sample Sentences & Example Usage
Science and religion no more contradict each other than light and electricity.
Electricity is actually made up of extremely tiny particles called electrons, that you cannot see with the naked eye unless you have been drinking.
Well, Mr. Secretary, I lived in a house without electricity too. No running water, no telephone...I can stand toe-to-toe with you. in response to Treasury Secretary Paul O'Neill
On one hand, (the project) does not make sense with the current (electricity) prices. On the other, we are talking about a nuclear block which will produce electricity from 2030 to 2090, or more likely from 2035 to 2095, where we know nothing about the (future) prices.
If you want to have expensive electricity you buy nuclear generators, if you want dirty electricity you burn coal, if you want clean energy in the long run that will be cheaper, you transfer to a renewable system, but the decision has to be made by your own government.
Images & Illustrations of Electricity
Translations for Electricity
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- གློགTibetan Standard
- electricitatCatalan, Valencian
- el, elektricitetDanish
- Elektrizität, StromGerman
- الکتریسیته, برقPersian
- sähkö, sähköoppiFinnish
- leictreachas, aibhléisIrish
- dealanScottish Gaelic
- बिजली, विद्युतHindi
- elektrisiteHaitian Creole
- thitimaKikuyu, Gikuyu
- អគ្គីសនី, ភ្លើងKhmer
- 電氣, 전기Korean
- kareba, ceyran, elektrîkKurdish
- kuasa elektrikMalay
- stroom, elektriciteitDutch
- igeziSouthern Ndebele
- atsiniltłʼishNavajo, Navaho
- ᐙᓴᒨᐐᓐOjibwe, Ojibwa
- ਬਿਜਲੀPanjabi, Punjabi
- elektricitet, струја, struja, електрицитетSerbo-Croatian
- විද්යුතය, විදුලිය, විජූලියSinhala, Sinhalese
- motlakaseSouthern Sotho
- el, elektricitetSwedish
- elektrisidad, kuryente, dagitabTagalog
- çıngı, cereyan, elektrikTurkish
- بجلی, برقUrdu
- điện, điện năngVietnamese
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