Definitions for Disasterdɪˈzæs tər, -ˈzɑ stər

This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word Disaster

Random House Webster's College Dictionary

dis•as•ter*dɪˈzæs tər, -ˈzɑ stər(n.)

  1. a calamitous event, esp. one occurring suddenly and causing great loss of life, damage, or hardship, as a flood, airplane crash, or business failure.

  2. Obs. an unfavorable aspect of a star or planet.

* Syn: disaster , calamity , catastrophe , cataclysm refer to adverse happenings usu. occurring suddenly and unexpectedly. disaster may be caused by negligence, bad judgment, or the like, or by natural forces, as a hurricane or flood: a railroad disaster that claimed many lives.calamity suggests great affliction, either personal or general; the emphasis is on the grief or sorrow caused: the calamity of losing a child.catastrophe refers esp. to the tragic outcome of a personal or public situation; the emphasis is on the destruction or irreplaceable loss: the catastrophe of a defeat in battle.cataclysm , a sudden and violent change in the earth's surface, also refers to a personal or public upheaval: a cataclysm that turned our lives in a new direction.

Origin of disaster:

1585–95; < MF desastre < It disastro=dis-dis -1+astro star < L astrum < Gk ástron

Princeton's WordNet

  1. catastrophe, disaster(noun)

    a state of extreme (usually irremediable) ruin and misfortune

    "lack of funds has resulted in a catastrophe for our school system"; "his policies were a disaster"

  2. calamity, catastrophe, disaster, tragedy, cataclysm(noun)

    an event resulting in great loss and misfortune

    "the whole city was affected by the irremediable calamity"; "the earthquake was a disaster"

  3. disaster(noun)

    an act that has disastrous consequences

Kernerman English Learner's Dictionary

  1. disaster(noun)ɪˈzæs tər, -ˈzɑ stər

    an event causing serious damage, harm, or death

    a nuclear disaster

  2. disasterɪˈzæs tər, -ˈzɑ stər

    a flood, earthquake, etc.

  3. disasterɪˈzæs tər, -ˈzɑ stər

    a very bad situation

    Her first marriage was a total disaster.

Wiktionary

  1. disaster(Noun)

    An unexpected natural or man-made catastrophe of substantial extent causing significant physical damage or destruction, loss of life or sometimes permanent change to the natural environment.

  2. disaster(Noun)

    An unforeseen event causing great loss, upset or unpleasantness of whatever kind.

  3. Origin: From Italian disastro, disaster; originally meaning "unfavourable to one's stars", from dis-, bad (compare dys-), + astro, star, celestial body, from Latin astrum, from Greek astron. The word disaster is derived from Middle French désastre and that from Old Italian disastro, which in turn comes from the Greek pejorative prefix δυσ-, (dus-) "bad" + ἀστήρ (aster), "star". The root of the word disaster ("bad star" in Greek) comes from an astrological theme in which the ancients used to refer to the destruction or deconstruction of a star as a disaster.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Disaster(noun)

    an unpropitious or baleful aspect of a planet or star; malevolent influence of a heavenly body; hence, an ill portent

  2. Disaster(noun)

    an adverse or unfortunate event, esp. a sudden and extraordinary misfortune; a calamity; a serious mishap

  3. Disaster(verb)

    to blast by the influence of a baleful star

  4. Disaster(verb)

    to bring harm upon; to injure

Freebase

  1. Disaster

    A disaster is a natural or man-made hazard resulting in an event of substantial extent causing significant physical damage or destruction, loss of life, or drastic change to the environment. A disaster can be ostensively defined as any tragic event stemming from events such as earthquakes, floods, catastrophic accidents, fires, or explosions. It is a phenomenon that can cause damage to life and property and destroy the economic, social and cultural life of people. In contemporary academia, disasters are seen as the consequence of inappropriately managed risk. These risks are the product of a combination of both hazard/s and vulnerability. Hazards that strike in areas with low vulnerability will never become disasters, as is the case in uninhabited regions. Developing countries suffer the greatest costs when a disaster hits – more than 95 percent of all deaths caused by disasters occur in developing countries, and losses due to natural disasters are 20 times greater in developing countries than in industrialized countries.

British National Corpus

  1. Spoken Corpus Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'Disaster' in Spoken Corpus Frequency: #3510

  2. Written Corpus Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'Disaster' in Written Corpus Frequency: #3209

  3. Nouns Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'Disaster' in Nouns Frequency: #1292


Translations for Disaster

Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary

disaster(noun)

a terrible event, especially one that causes great damage, loss etc

The earthquake was the greatest disaster the country had ever experienced.

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