Definitions for DEYdeɪ
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The tenth solar month of the Persian calendar.
Origin: dæge, from daigijōn. Cognate with ; compare dairy, , .
a servant who has charge of the dairy; a dairymaid
the governor of Algiers; -- so called before the French conquest in 1830
Origin: [Turk. di, orig., a maternal uncle, then a friendly title formerly given to middle-aged or old people, especially among the Janizaries; and hence, in Algiers, consecrated at length to the commanding officer of that corps, who frequently became afterward pasha or regent of that province; hence the European misnomer of dey, as applied to the latter: cf. F. dey.]
Dey was the title given to the rulers of the Regency of Algiers and Tripoli under the Ottoman Empire from 1671 onwards. Twenty-nine deys held office from the establishment of the deylicate in Algeria until the French conquest in 1830. The dey was chosen by local civilian, military, and religious leaders to govern for life and ruled with a high degree of autonomy from the Ottoman sultan. The main sources of his revenues were taxes on the agricultural population, religious tributes, and protection payments rendered by Corsairs, regarded as pirates who preyed on Mediterranean shipping. The dey was assisted in governing by a divan made up of the Chiefs of the Army and Navy, the Director of Shipping, the Treasurer-General and the Collector of Tributes. The realm of the dey of Alger was divided into three provinces, each of which was administered by a bey whom he appointed. The rule of the deys of Alger came to an end on 5 July 1830, when Hussein Dey surrendered to invading French forces. The last Dey of Tripoli was killed by Ahmed Karamanli, who established the homonymous dynasty, in 1711.
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