Definitions for Canyonˈkæn yən
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word Canyon
Random House Webster's College Dictionary
a deep valley with steep sides, often with a stream flowing through it; gorge.
Category: Geology, Geography (terms), Geography (places)
Origin of canyon:
1835–45, Amer.; < AmerSp, Sp cañón a long tube, a hollow, der. of cañ(a) tube
a ravine formed by a river in an area with little rainfall
Kernerman English Learner's Dictionary
a steep valley of rock
A valley, especially a long, narrow, steep valley, cut in rock by a river.
Origin: From cañón
the English form of the Spanish word Ca–on.
A canyon or gorge is a deep ravine between cliffs often carved from the landscape by a river. Rivers have a natural tendency to reach a baseline elevation, which is the same elevation as the body of water it will eventually drain into. This forms a canyon. Most canyons were formed by a process of long-time erosion from a plateau level. The cliffs form because harder rock strata that are resistant to erosion and weathering remain exposed on the valley walls. The word canyon is Spanish in origin. The word canyon is generally used in the United States, while the word gorge is more common in Europe and Oceania, though gorge and ravine are also used in some parts of the United States and Canada. The military derived word defile is occasionally used in the United Kingdom. Canyons are much more common in arid areas than in wet areas because physical weathering has a greater effect in arid zones. The wind and water from the river combine to erode and cut away less resistant materials such as shales. The freezing and expansion of water also serves to help form canyons. Water seeps into cracks between the rocks and freezes, pushing the rocks apart and eventually causing large chunks to break off the canyon walls, in a process known as frost wedging. Canyon walls are often formed of resistant sandstones or granite. Submarine canyons form underwater, generally at the mouths of rivers.
Translations for Canyon
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary
a deep valley between high steep banks, usually containing a river
the Grand Canyon.
- وادٍ ضَيِّقُ عَميقٌArabic
- desfiladeiroPortuguese (BR)
- der CanyonGerman
- kløft; slugtDanish
- درۀ تنگFarsi
- गंभीर खडड, घाटीHindi
- dyp elvedal, gjel, juvNorwegian
- درۀ تنگPersian
- تنګه ژوره درهPashto
- vâdi, kanyonTurkish
- 峽谷Chinese (Trad.)
- каньйон, глибока ущелинаUkrainian
- کھڈ ، گہری کھڈUrdu
- hẽm núiVietnamese
- 峡谷Chinese (Simp.)
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