a ravine formed by a river in an area with little rainfall
A valley, especially a long, narrow, steep valley, cut in rock by a river.
Origin: From cañón
the English form of the Spanish word Ca–on.
Origin: [Sp., a tube or hollow, fr. caa reed, fr. L. canna. See Cane.]
A canyon or gorge is a deep ravine between cliffs often carved from the landscape by a river. Rivers have a natural tendency to reach a baseline elevation, which is the same elevation as the body of water it will eventually drain into. This forms a canyon. Most canyons were formed by a process of long-time erosion from a plateau level. The cliffs form because harder rock strata that are resistant to erosion and weathering remain exposed on the valley walls. The word canyon is Spanish in origin. The word canyon is generally used in the United States, while the word gorge is more common in Europe and Oceania, though gorge and ravine are also used in some parts of the United States and Canada. The military derived word defile is occasionally used in the United Kingdom. Canyons are much more common in arid areas than in wet areas because physical weathering has a greater effect in arid zones. The wind and water from the river combine to erode and cut away less resistant materials such as shales. The freezing and expansion of water also serves to help form canyons. Water seeps into cracks between the rocks and freezes, pushing the rocks apart and eventually causing large chunks to break off the canyon walls, in a process known as frost wedging. Canyon walls are often formed of resistant sandstones or granite. Submarine canyons form underwater, generally at the mouths of rivers.
The numerical value of Canyon in Chaldean Numerology is: 4
The numerical value of Canyon in Pythagorean Numerology is: 9
Sample Sentences & Example Usage
With what you don't know about me, I could just about fill the Grand Canyon.
Publishing a volume of verse is like dropping a rose petal down the Grand Canyon and waiting for the echo.
We have discovered near-pristine, sheer-drop cliffs of over 1,968 feet and mapped structures that are rarely found in other parts of the ocean, it is truly a huge canyon.
The Grand Canyon fills me with awe, you cannot improve on it. But what you can do is keep it for your children, your children's children and all who come after you, as the one great sight which every American should see.
There is a lot of politics and money in play, rich countries tend to have more World World Heritage. Also, as the obvious places have been put on the list -- Great Wall, Grand Canyon, Pyramids, etc. -- ever more marginal sites have been added.
Images & Illustrations of Canyon
Translations for Canyon
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- congostCatalan, Valencian
- Klamm, Schlucht, FelsschluchtGerman
- φαράγγι, χαράδραGreek
- cañón, barrancaSpanish
- kanjoni, kuruFinnish
- ngarai, kanyonMalay
- tsékoohNavajo, Navaho
- kanion, przełomPolish
- canhão, desfiladeiroPortuguese
- defileu, canionRomanian
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