Definitions for Bureaucracybyʊˈrɒk rə si
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word Bureaucracy
Random House Webster's College Dictionary
bu•reauc•ra•cybyʊˈrɒk rə si(n.)(pl.)-cies.
government by a rigid hierarchy of bureaus, administrators, and petty officials.
a body of officials and administrators, esp. in a government.
excessive multiplication of, and concentration of power in, bureaus or administrators.
administration characterized by excessive red tape and routine.
Origin of bureaucracy:
1810–20; < F bureaucratie; see -cracy
nonelective government officials
a government that is administered primarily by bureaus that are staffed with nonelective officials
any organization in which action is obstructed by insistence on unnecessary procedures and red tape
Kernerman English Learner's Dictionary
bureaucracy(noun)ʊˈrɒk rə si
The process slowed down because of bureaucracy.
bureaucracyʊˈrɒk rə si
a system of government with work divided into strict categories
***a bureaucracy without a leader; bureaucratic barriers to progress
Structure and regulations in place to control activity. Usually in large organizations and government operations.
Origin: from bureaucratie, coined by Jean Claude Marie Vincent de Gournay (died 1759) from bureau + -cratie
a system of carrying on the business of government by means of departments or bureaus, each under the control of a chief, in contradiction to a system in which the officers of government have an associated authority and responsibility; also, government conducted on this system
government officials, collectively
"Bureaucracy" is "a body of nonelective government officials" and/or "an administrative policy-making group." Historically, bureaucracy referred to government administration managed by departments staffed with nonelected officials. In modern parlance, bureaucracy refers to the administrative system governing any large institution. Since being coined, the word "bureaucracy" has developed negative connotations for some. Bureaucracies are criticized for their complexity, their inefficiency, and their inflexibility. The dehumanizing effects of excessive bureaucracy were a major theme in the work of Franz Kafka, and were central to his masterpiece The Trial. The elimination of unnecessary bureaucracy is a key concept in modern managerial theory, and has been a central issue in numerous political campaigns. Others have defended the existence of bureaucracies. The German sociologist Max Weber argued that bureaucracy constitutes the most efficient and rational way in which human activity can be organized, and that systematic processes and organized hierarchies were necessary to maintain order, maximize efficiency and eliminate favoritism. But even Weber saw bureaucracy as a threat to individual freedom, in which the increasing bureaucratization of human life traps individuals in the an "iron cage" of rule-based, rational control.
British National Corpus
Rank popularity for the word 'Bureaucracy' in Nouns Frequency: #2279
Translations for Bureaucracy
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary
a system of government by officials working for a government.
- البيروقراطيه: حُكْمُ الموظفينArabic
- burocraciaPortuguese (BR)
- die BeamtenschaftGerman
- bureaukrati; embedsmandsvældeDanish
- γραφειοκρατία (ως σύστημα διοίκησης)Greek
- embættismannakerfi, skrifstofustjórnkerfiIcelandic
- valdininkija, biurokratijaLithuanian
- sistem birokrasiMalay
- byråkrati, embetsmannsveldeNorwegian
- bürokrasi, kırtasiyecilikTurkish
- 官僚體制Chinese (Trad.)
- اہلکاروں پر مبنی سرکاری نظامUrdu
- bộ máy hành chính quan liêuVietnamese
- 官僚体制Chinese (Simp.)
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