Definitions for Biotechnologyˌbaɪ oʊ tɛkˈnɒl ə dʒi
Random House Webster's College Dictionary
bi•o•tech•nol•o•gyˌbaɪ oʊ tɛkˈnɒl ə dʒi(n.)
the use of living organisms or other biological systems in the manufacture of drugs or for environmental management.
Category: Laboratory Biology
Origin of biotechnology:
the branch of molecular biology that studies the use of microorganisms to perform specific industrial processes
"biotechnology produced genetically altered bacteria that solved the problem"
biotechnology, bioengineering, ergonomics(noun)
the branch of engineering science in which biological science is used to study the relation between workers and their environments
the use of living organisms (especially microorganisms) in industrial, agricultural, medical and other technological applications
the application of the principles and practices of engineering and technology to the life sciences
Biotechnology is the use of living systems and organisms to develop or make useful products, or "any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms or derivatives thereof, to make or modify products or processes for specific use". Depending on the tools and applications, it often overlaps with the fields of bioengineering and biomedical engineering. For thousands of years, humankind has used biotechnology in agriculture, food production and medicine. The term itself is largely believed to have been coined in 1919 by Hungarian engineer Karl Ereky. In the late 20th and early 21st century, biotechnology has expanded to include new and diverse sciences such as genomics, recombinant gene technologies, applied immunology, and development of pharmaceutical therapies and diagnostic tests.
U.S. National Library of Medicine
Body of knowledge related to the use of organisms, cells or cell-derived constituents for the purpose of developing products which are technically, scientifically and clinically useful. Alteration of biologic function at the molecular level (i.e., GENETIC ENGINEERING) is a central focus; laboratory methods used include TRANSFECTION and CLONING technologies, sequence and structure analysis algorithms, computer databases, and gene and protein structure function analysis and prediction.
Find a translation for the Biotechnology definition in other languages:
Select another language:
Use the citation below to add this definition to your bibliography:
"Biotechnology." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2013. Web. 5 Dec. 2013. <http://www.definitions.net/definition/Biotechnology>.