Definitions for Autonomous System
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word Autonomous System
Within the Internet, an Autonomous System is a collection of connected Internet Protocol routing prefixes under the control of one or more network operators that presents a common, clearly defined routing policy to the Internet. Originally the definition required control by a single entity, typically an Internet service provider or a very large organization with independent connections to multiple networks, that adhere to a single and clearly defined routing policy, as originally defined in RFC 1771. The newer definition in RFC 1930 came into use because multiple organizations can run BGP using private AS numbers to an ISP that connects all those organizations to the Internet. Even though there may be multiple Autonomous Systems supported by the ISP, the Internet only sees the routing policy of the ISP. That ISP must have an officially registered Autonomous System Number. A unique ASN is allocated to each AS for use in BGP routing. AS numbers are important because the ASN uniquely identifies each network on the Internet. Until 2007, AS numbers were defined as 16-bit integers, which allowed for a maximum of 65536 assignments. The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority has designated AS numbers 64512 through 65534 to be used for private purposes. ASNs 64496-64511 are reserved for use in documentation and sample code. The ASNs 0 and 65535 are reserved; ASN 0 may be used to identify non-routed networks. All other ASNs are subject to assignment by IANA.
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"Autonomous System." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2014. Web. 16 Sep. 2014. <http://www.definitions.net/definition/Autonomous System>.