Definitions for Absorptionæbˈsɔrp ʃən, -ˈzɔrp-

This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word Absorption

Random House Webster's College Dictionary

ab•sorp•tionæbˈsɔrp ʃən, -ˈzɔrp-(n.)

  1. the act of absorbing.

  2. the state of being absorbed.

  3. assimilation; incorporation.

  4. preoccupation; engrossment.

  5. assimilation by molecular or chemical action.

    Category: Chemistry

  6. the removal of energy or particles from a beam by the medium through which the beam propagates.

    Category: Physics

Origin of absorption:

1590–1600; < L absorptiō <absorb(ēre) to absorb

ab•sorp′tive(adj.; n.)

Princeton's WordNet

  1. absorption, soaking up(noun)

    (chemistry) a process in which one substance permeates another; a fluid permeates or is dissolved by a liquid or solid

  2. absorption(noun)

    (physics) the process in which incident radiated energy is retained without reflection or transmission on passing through a medium

    "the absorption of photons by atoms or molecules"

  3. assimilation, absorption(noun)

    the social process of absorbing one cultural group into harmony with another

  4. assimilation, absorption(noun)

    the process of absorbing nutrients into the body after digestion

  5. concentration, engrossment, absorption, immersion(noun)

    complete attention; intense mental effort

  6. preoccupation, preoccupancy, absorption, engrossment(noun)

    the mental state of being preoccupied by something

Wiktionary

  1. absorption(Noun)

    The act or process of absorbing or sucking in anything.

  2. absorption(Noun)

    The act or process of being absorbed and made to disappear.

  3. absorption(Noun)

    An imbibing or reception by molecular or chemical action, of radiant energy.

    the absorption of light, heat, electricity, etc.

  4. absorption(Noun)

    In living organisms, the process by which the materials of growth and nutrition are absorbed and conveyed to the tissues and organs.

  5. absorption(Noun)

    Entire engrossment or occupation of the mind.

    absorption in some employment

  6. Origin: * First attested in 1597.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Absorption(noun)

    the act or process of absorbing or sucking in anything, or of being absorbed and made to disappear; as, the absorption of bodies in a whirlpool, the absorption of a smaller tribe into a larger

  2. Absorption(noun)

    an imbibing or reception by molecular or chemical action; as, the absorption of light, heat, electricity, etc

  3. Absorption(noun)

    in living organisms, the process by which the materials of growth and nutrition are absorbed and conveyed to the tissues and organs

  4. Absorption(noun)

    entire engrossment or occupation of the mind; as, absorption in some employment

Freebase

  1. Absorption

    In chemistry, absorption is a physical or chemical phenomenon or a process in which atoms, molecules, or ions enter some bulk phase – gas, liquid, or solid material. This is a different process from adsorption, since molecules undergoing absorption are taken up by the volume, not by the surface. A more general term is sorption, which covers absorption, adsorption, and ion exchange. Absorption is a condition in which something takes in another substance. If absorption is a physical process not accompanied by any other physical or chemical process, it usually follows the Nernst partition law: The value of constant KN depends on temperature and is called partition coefficient. This equation is valid if concentrations are not too large and if the species "x" does not change its form in any of the two phases "1" or "2". If such molecule undergoes association or dissociation then this equation still describes the equilibrium between "x" in both phases, but only for the same form – concentrations of all remaining forms must be calculated by taking into account all the other equilibria. In the case of gas absorption, one may calculate its concentration by using, e.g., the Ideal gas law, c = p/RT. In alternative fashion, one may use partial pressures instead of concentrations.

U.S. National Library of Medicine

  1. Absorption

    The physical or physiological processes by which substances, tissue, cells, etc. take up or take in other substances or energy.


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